A 2-year clinical report of patients treated with two loading protocols for mandibular overdentures: early versus conventional loading.
ABSTRACT The original Brånemark protocol for dental implant treatment was based on submerged healing prior to loading. In recent years, immediate/early functional loading has been reported to be possible with high success for various indications including two splinted mandibular implants supporting an overdenture. However, there are a limited number of studies regarding the early loading protocol for two unsplinted mandibular implants supporting an overdenture.
A total of 26 edentulous patients were treated with two unsplinted dental implants supporting mandibular overdentures. All implants were placed in the canine regions of each mandible according to the one-stage surgery. For the test group, overdentures were connected 1 week after surgery, and for the control group, overdentures were connected 3 months after surgery. Peri-implant parameters were recorded 1, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after surgery. Marginal bone levels were evaluated at implant placement and after 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Clinical stability measurements were performed at surgery, and after 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months.
No implant from either group was lost during 2 years. Clinical peri-implant parameters, clinical implant stability measurements, and marginal bone resorptions showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups during 24 months.
The results of this clinical trial suggest that the early loading approach of two dental implants supporting a mandibular overdenture does not jeopardize peri-implant soft tissue health, marginal bone resorption, and implant stability.
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ABSTRACT: The goal of implant treatment is the formation of a direct bone-implant interface contact. This study aimed to evaluate the possibilities of immediate loading treatment for edentulous patients rehabilitated with mandibular and maxillary overdentures. A literature review using the PubMed and BIREME databases between the periods of 1977 and 2011 was performed. From an initial yield of 218 titles, 78 articles were selected for text analysis, finally resulting in 23 studies (16 prospective, 6 prospective randomized, and 1 prospective multicenter) that met the inclusion criteria. The immediate loading protocol through which the implants are subjected to occlusal function immediately after their placement was introduced to overcome this limitation.Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 07/2013;
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: This prospective study was conducted to compare the marginal bone level alterations, stability/mobility measurements, and volume of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and nitric oxide (NO) of peri-implant sulcus fluid (PISF) between platform-switched (PS) and standard platform (SP) implants inserted to mandibular premolar/molar regions with a single-stage protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two (16 PS and 16 SP) implants restorated with fixed prosthesis were included in the study. For both implant systems standard implant dimensions were used. Implant abutment connections and final restorations were made after 3 months of osseointegration. Standard parallel periapical radiographs were used to measure marginal bone loss in over time. Resonance frequency analysis (RFA) and mobility measuring (MM) device were used to determine implant stability/mobility. PISF samples were derived with paper strips and PISF MPO and nitrite level analysis were done spectrophotometrically. Peri-implant parameters were assessed by periodontal indices and all parameters were evaluated at baseline, 1, 3, 6, and 12 months follow-up. RESULTS: No healing problems were recorded for all implants at the end of the study period. At 12 months, mean bone loss measures were 0.84 and 0.76 mm, and mean implant stability quotient (ISQ) values were 74.04 and 76 for PS and SP implants, respectively. Mean MM values were found as -4.82 for PS and -6.26 for SP implants. There were no significant differences between implant types according to PISF volume and laboratory biochemical measures including MPO and NO, and clinical peri- implant indices at any time point. CONCLUSION: Platform switching seems not to affect the marginal bone level, clinical peri-implant parameters and MPO and NO metabolism around implants inserted to mandibular premolar/molar regions when using a single-stage protocol.Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research 03/2013; · 3.82 Impact Factor