The adsorption of anionic phospholipids on silica was investigated by the dissipative quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) technique. Liposomes composed of 1 mM 80:20 mol % of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (POPC)/phosphatidic acid, POPC/phosphatidylglycerol, or POPC/phosphatidylserine in N-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazine-N'-(2-ethanesulfonic acid) buffer at pH 7.4 (with or without 3 mM of CaCl2) were examined. We have previously demonstrated that similar phospholipid coatings can be used in capillary electrochromatography as a stationary phase for the separation of analytes. In this work, we focus on the formation of the coatings and on the type of lipid structure formed on silica. The QCM investigation comprised qualitative results based on changes in frequency and resistance, and quantitative modeling of the obtained results. The latter was performed using the dissipative QCM, which measures the quartz crystal impedance, combined with equivalent circuit analysis. A previously developed coating and cleaning procedure for phospholipid-coated fused silica capillaries was adopted in this study, and the same silica-coated crystal was used throughout the QCM study. We will demonstrate in this work that the type of lipid structure formed on silica, that is, a rather rigid supported lipid bilayer or a viscoelastic supported vesicle layer (SVL), is highly dependent on the lipid and solvent composition. We also show for the first time that the modeling of the dissipative QCM data can be used to extract a more quantitative picture of an adsorbed SVL, because, so far, published studies have merely used the QCM data in a qualitative sense.
"h Graph of change in frequency as a function of POPS content (weight percentage) and 3:1 (w/w) the frequency change of ~25 Hz resulting from bilayer formation was completed 5 min after the initial injection. The change in frequency is consistent those in with previous studies (Richter et al. 2003; Viitala et al. 2007). The dissipation changes are below 1 × 10 −6 (arbitrary units), suggesting that surface coverage by the bilayer is high and the bilayer is effectively rigid; the Sauerbrey equation (Caruso et al. 1995) can therefore be used to calculate the adsorbed mass. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Annexin V is of crucial importance for detection of the phosphatidylserine of apoptotic cell membranes. However, the manner in which different amounts of phosphatidylserine at the membrane surface at different stages of apoptosis contribute to binding of annexin V is unclear. We have used a quartz crystal microbalance combined with dissipative monitoring (QCM-D) and neutron reflectivity to characterize binding of human annexin V to supported bilayers of different phospholipid composition. We created model apoptotic bilayers of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerophosphocholine and 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerophosphoserine (POPS) in the ratios 19:1, 9:1, 6.7:1, 4:1, 3:1, and 2:1 (w/w) in the presence of 2.5 mM CaCl2. QCM-D data revealed that annexin V bound less to supported fluid lipid bilayers with higher POPS content (>25 % POPS). Neutron reflectivity was used to further characterize the detailed composition of lipid bilayers with membrane-bound annexin V. Analysis confirmed less annexin V binding with higher POPS content, that bound annexin V formed a discrete layer above the lipid bilayer with little effect on the overall structure of the membrane, and that the thickness and volume fraction of the annexin V layer varied with POPS content. From these results we show that the POPS content of the outer surface of lipid bilayers affects the structure of membrane-bound annexin V.
Biophysics of Structure and Mechanism 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00249-015-1068-z · 2.22 Impact Factor
"Bragg distance of 6 nm and relates to the thickness of the lipid bilayer in the liposomes . A difference between the SlpA-containing and reference samples was evident in the scattering intensity at lower angles , with the scattering intensities starting to diverge at q b 1 nm −1 . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The reassembly of the S-layer protein SlpA of Lactobacillus brevis ATCC 8287 on positively charged liposomes was studied by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and zeta potential measurements. SlpA was reassembled on unilamellar liposomes consisting of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane, prepared by extrusion through membranes with pore sizes of 50nm and 100nm. Similarly extruded samples without SlpA were used as a reference. The SlpA-containing samples showed clear diffraction peaks in their SAXS intensities. The lattice constants were calculated from the diffraction pattern and compared to those determined for SlpA on native cell wall fragments. Lattice constants for SlpA reassembled on liposomes (a=9.29nm, b=8.03nm, and γ=84.9°) showed a marked change in the lattice constants b and γ when compared to those determined for SlpA on native cell wall fragments (a=9.41nm, b=6.48nm, and γ=77.0°). The latter are in good agreement with values previously determined by electron microscopy. This indicates that the structure formed by SlpA is stable on the bacterial cell wall, but SlpA reassembles into a different structure on cationic liposomes. From the (10) reflection, the lower limit of crystallite size of SlpA on liposomes was determined to be 92nm, corresponding to approximately ten aligned lattice planes.
"The Voigt model was applied to estimate the thickness and viscosity of the adsorbed film, assuming a single layer and using the frequency and dissipation shifts of all overtones. The viscosity and density of the aqueous solutions were considered equal to the values of water (0.001 Pa s and 1000 kg/m 3 , respectively), and the density of the film was kept constant and equal to 1060 kg/m 3 , as assumed by Viitala et al. for anionic phospholipid films . The minimum and maximum values attributed to viscosity, shear modulus and thickness of the adsorbed film, which resulted on minimization of the 2 error for the fittings, were, respectively, 0. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Different types of lipid bilayers/monolayers have been used to simulate the cellular membranes in the investigation of the interactions between drugs and cells. However, to our knowledge, very few studies focused on the influence of the chosen membrane model upon the obtained results. The main objective of this work is to understand how do the nature and immobilization state of the biomembrane models influence the action of the local anaesthetic tetracaine (TTC) upon the lipid membranes. The interaction of TTC with different biomembrane models of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) with and without cholesterol (CHOL) was investigated through several techniques. A quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) was used to study the effect on immobilized liposomes, while phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance ((31)P-NMR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were applied to liposomes in suspension. The effect of TTC on Langmuir monolayers of lipids was also investigated through surface pressure-area measurements at the air-water interface. The general conclusion was that TTC has a fluidizing effect on the lipid membranes and, above certain concentrations, induces membrane swelling or even solubilization. However, different models led to variable responses to the TTC action. The intensity of the disordering effect caused by TTC increased in the following order: supported liposomes<liposomes in solution<Langmuir monolayers. This means that extrapolation of the results obtained in in vitro studies of the lipid/anaesthetic interactions to in vivo conditions should be done carefully.
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