Stain retention and surface characteristics of posterior composites polished by one-step systems.
ABSTRACT To compare susceptibility to stain of three posterior composite surfaces polished with two one-step polishing systems, to test the efficiency of the re-polishing to remove the stain formed and to analyze the polished surfaces by SEM.
The resin composites tested were Clearfil Photo Posterior, SureFil and Filtek P60. The polishing systems used were Sof-Lex Brush and PoGo. Twenty-two discs of each material were fabricated and divided into two treatment groups of 11. Out of the latter, six were used for SEM evaluation for surface morphology and five for stain retention testing. The discs were roughened with silicon paper and polished for 30 seconds with each system. Specimens were immersed in coffee and distilled water for 7 days. Color measurements were made at baseline and after 1, 3, 5, and 7 days with a spectrophotometer. The specimens were then re-polished with the same systems and their colors re-measured. All comparison of color change and re-polishing were subjected to repeated measures ANOVA with a Bonferroni post hoc test (P < or = 0.05).
After 1 week, the coffee stained all the resin composites. Clearfil Photo Posterior was the least stained composite while Filtek P60 was the most. Regardless of the materials, PoGo polishing was less susceptible to staining (P < or = 0.05). The color change could be partially removed with re-polishing. The surfaces of Sof-Lex Brush polished samples, except the Clearfil group, were scratched and thus more susceptible to stain retention.
- SourceAvailable from: Alexandre Luiz Souto Borges[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Coloring in drinks decreases the color stability of composite restorations, reducing their longevity. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of immersion media on color stability of seven different composite resins (Solidex - Shofu, Resilab-Wilcos, Signum - Heraeus, Epricord - Tokuyama, Adoro - Ivoclar Vivadent, Admira - Voco and Sinfony - 3MESPE). Seven resin-based composite specimens were prepared using a cylindrical teflon mold 2 mm thick and 10 mm in diameter Fifteen specimens of each resin were light-cured according to manufacturers' instructions and randomized into 3 groups (n= 5) according to immersion media: coffee, cola beverage and water A digital spectrophotometer Easy Shade (VITA) was used to evaluate the color changes at baseline and 7 days after immersion in each solution. Specimens were stored in the different staining media for 24 h/day during one week. The color differences were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey 's test (p< 0.05). Color change was observed after one week of immersion and there were statistical differences in staining, composite and interaction factors. The least staining was observed in Admira (deltaE= 3.934+/-0.814) and Resilab (deltaE= 3.993+/-0.735), followed by Adoro (deltaE= 4.044+/-1.001), Epri-cord (deltaE= 4.049+/-1.234), Signum (deltaE= 4.260+/-1.785), Solidex (deltaE=5,122+/-0.534) and Sinfony (deltaE=5.126+/-0.838). All of the composites tested except Adoro were susceptible to staining by substances present in coffee and cola, when stored in beverage for seven days. The lowest deltaE means were obtained with Admira.Acta odontológica latinoamericana: AOL 01/2011; 24(2):193-9.
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate the discolouration effects of artificial saliva, granule lemon juice, coffee (without sugar), coca cola, sour cherry juice, fresh carrot juice and red wine on resin-based composite materials that are commonly used in restorative dentistry. Colour of four brands of resin composites (Filtek Z 250 (3M Espe), Filtek Supreme (3M Espe), Quadrant (Cavex), Charisma (Heraeus-Kulzer)) of A2 shade was measured after one day of immersion in eight different solutions. Colour measurements were obtained by using a XL-20 Trismus Colourimeter and colour differences (DeltaE) were estimated. For statistical evaluation, analysis of variance (ANOVA), Dunnett and Tukey tests were used at a significance level of 0.05. For the four restorative materials tested, the lowest DeltaE values were observed in the artificial saliva, while DeltaE values were the highest in red wine group. When comparing the four different restorative materials, Filtek Supreme exhibited the least colour changes whereas Filtek Z250 was the least colour-stable. Dental resin composites and drinking solutions were significant factors that may affect the colour stability. After immersion for one day, all materials showed visible colour changes. The red wine solution exhibited more staining than others in three groups. Filtek Supreme showed significantly the least colour change due to its nano particle sizes.European journal of dentistry 02/2009; 3(1):50-6.