Monosomy 7 as the sole abnormality of an acute basophilic leukemia.
ABSTRACT We report the case of a 72-year-old man who had the very rare disease acute basophilic leukemia with the sole chromosomal finding of a monosomy 7. Most nuclear cells in the peripheral blood and bone marrow samples were either basophils or blasts. The blasts showed negative reaction with myeloperoxidase, periodic acid Schiff, chloroacetate esterase, alpha-naphthyl butyrate esterase, acid phosphatase, and Sudan black B. Metachromatic features of the blasts, however, were observed with toluidine blue stain. Electron microscopic evaluation showed the typical ultrastructure, with basophil and immature mast cell granules. Cytogenetic study revealed monosomy 7 in all metaphase cells, and this finding was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization. The Philadelphia chromosome was absent. Review of the literature revealed abnormalities in cases of ABL. To our knowledge, the case reported here is the first to have basophilic leukemia with monosomy 7 as the only chromosome abnormality.
- SourceAvailable from: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report a case of acute basophilic leukemia with two coexisting clonal abnormalities, t(9;22) and trisomy 19. The blast showed positive reaction with myeloperoxidase but negative reaction with chloroacetate esterase and acid phosphatase. Metachromatic features of the blast were observed with toluidine blue stain. Ultrastructure study showed the presence of azurophilic granules in basophils and blast mast cells. Conventional and molecular cytogenetic studies revealed, t(9;22) with BCR/ABL positive and trisomy 19 in all metaphase cells. To our knowledge, this paper here is the first to present acute basophilic leukemia with trisomy 19 and t(9;22).Case reports in pathology. 01/2011; 2011:269491.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Acute myeloid leukemia with inv3(q21q26.2)/t(3,3)(q21;q26.2) is a subtype of acute myeloid leukemia associated with significant dysmyelopoiesis and a poor prognosis. In more than a half of the cases, there is also monosomy 7. We present 2 young male patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia with inversion 3 and monosomy 7 who had significant morphologic and immunophenotypical similarities. Both patients had circulating subsets of blasts with unusual intracytoplasmic basophilic granules and prominent bone marrow dysmegakaryopoiesis. The leukemic myeloid blasts were negative for myeloperoxidase and had aberrant coexpression of CD2 and CD31. Despite their morphologic and immunophenotypical similarities, only 1 of the patients achieved remission and remained free of disease 24 months after bone marrow transplant. The younger patient, who had also increased hemoglobin F and an associated FLT3 D835 variant, had an acute myeloid leukemia refractory to chemotherapy and died 4 months after his diagnosis.Annals of diagnostic pathology 07/2013; · 1.11 Impact Factor
- Journal of Clinical Oncology 05/2011; 29(21):e623-6. · 17.88 Impact Factor