Oral Health Status and treatment needs in institutionalized psychiatric patients: descriptive cross sectional study
Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka, India. Indian Journal of Dental Research
10/2006; 17(4):171-7. DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.29868
Psychiatric patients are one of the special groups requiring attention as they are often neglected. Oral health is an major determinant of general health for psychiatric patients and may have a low priority in the context of mental illness. The present study was conducted to assess the oral health status and treatment needs of institutionalized psychiatric patients of Davangere.
220 psychiatric patients admitted in two general hospitals of Davangere during the period of one year were included in the study. The oral health status was evaluated with respect to caries, oral hygiene, and periodontal status.
Of the 180 examined with the response rate of 81.8%. 58.3% were males, mean age was 36.7 years, 57.8% had < 1 year of mental illness with a mean of 2.2 years, and 90% were self-sufficient. The multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the mean DMFT (0.92) increased with age, duration of mental illness, and irregularity of oral hygiene habits (P<0.001). Mean OHI-S score was 3.3 and multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the mean OHI-S score increased with age (P<0.001). The multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the CPI score increased with age, duration of mental illness, and degree of helplessness (P<0.001).
The findings of this study demonstrates low caries prevalence, poor oral hygiene, and extensive unmet needs for dental treatment.
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