Changing hysterectomy technique from open abdominal to laparoscopic: New trend in Oslo, Norway

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (OBSTGYN), University of Oslo, Kristiania (historical), Oslo, Norway
Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology (Impact Factor: 1.58). 01/2007; 14(1):74-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmig.2006.08.011
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the change in hysterectomy technique.
Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification XXX).
University tertiary referring center in Norway.
A total of 1963 women treated with hysterectomy over a 5-year period in Oslo.
The operative records and techniques were investigated in all treated patients.
A total of 1963 hysterectomies were performed from 2001 through 2005. The operative patient records were investigated with the main focus on indication for surgery and the technique used in the operative procedure. In 2001, 62 (17.7%) laparoscopic hysterectomies were performed, while 256 (73.1%) of the hysterectomies were done with laparotomy. The operative technique has gradually changed during the last 5 years. In 2005, 220 (53.5%) of the surgical procedures were laparoscopic, 177 (43.1%) were done by laparotomy, while the vaginal approach in all these years was less than 10%.
From 2001 to 2005, a trend shift of the operative technique has been observed in Oslo, increasing the endoscopic hysterectomy rate from approximately 18% to 54%. During the same time, enlarged uteri with myomas equivalent to 10 to 12 weeks' gestation and endometrial cancer were more often treated by laparoscopic hysterectomy instead of open abdominal hysterectomy. With modern equipment and trained staff, more routine hysterectomies can be managed with laparoscopy.

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    • "In a recent review by Hauspy et al., comparing laparoscopic approach with open surgery in endometrial cancer patients, the same benefits of laparoscopy were observed as for women with benign indication, and, based on currently available data, they recommend that women with endometrial cancer should be offered minimally invasive surgery as part of their treatment whenever possible [14]. We have previously reported on changing hysterectomy technique, mainly for benign indications [15]. We strongly believe that minimally invasive surgery is beneficial also for endometrial cancer patients, as was briefly mentioned in our previous report. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Laparoscopic hysterectomy has proved to be a safe alternative to open surgery in women with benign indications. Few studies compare laparotomy and laparoscopy in gynecologic oncology, and the objective of this study was to analyze the feasibility and development of laparoscopic surgery in endometrial cancer patients. Material and Methods. Records from all women having a hysterectomy due to premalignant or malignant endometrial changes during the years 2002-2009 were examined retrospectively. Results. A total of 521 hysterectomies were performed during the study period. Laparoscopy was performed in about 20% of the cases in the first two years, increasing to 83% in the last year of the period. Moreover, the laparoscopic technique was increasingly applied in older women, more obese women and in women with high-risk preoperative diagnosis, without increasing the complication rate. Conclusions. As for benign indications, laparoscopic hysterectomy in endometrial cancer patients should be preferred whenever possible.
    Obstetrics and Gynecology International 07/2011; 2011:829425. DOI:10.1155/2011/829425
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    • "At our department in Oslo, Norway, supracervical hysterectomy is the recommended procedure for women with benign conditions requiring hysterectomy and with no previous history of cervical dysplasia. Although laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH) has gradually replaced abdominal hysterectomy, SAH is still performed in women where laparoscopic or vaginal approach is not feasible, mainly due to significant enlarged uterus [7]. Opponents of supracervical hysterectomy, either it is performed open or by a laparoscopic approach, often seem to be concerned with the risk of cervical stump symptoms such as vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain following the hysterectomy, causing patient distress and eventually repeated surgery. "
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    ABSTRACT: Long-term outcomes, in terms of cervical stump symptoms and overall patient satisfaction, were studied in women both after abdominal (SAH) and laparosocopic (LSH) supracervical hysterectomies. Altogether, 134 women had SAH and 315 women LSH during 2004 and 2005 at our department. The response rate of this retrospective study was 79%. Persistent vaginal bleeding after the surgery was reported by 17% in the SAH group and 24% in the LSH group. Regular bleeding was reported by only 8% in both study groups, and the women rarely found the bleeding bothersome. The women reported a significant pain reduction after the surgery, but women having a hysterectomy because of pain and/or endometriosis should be informed about the possibility of persistent symptoms. The overall patient satisfaction after both procedures was high, but the patients should have proper preoperative information about the possibility of cervical stump symptoms after any supracervical hysterectomy.
    Obstetrics and Gynecology International 03/2010; 2010:989127. DOI:10.1155/2010/989127
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    ABSTRACT: Leiomyomas are benign tumors frequently found in the fourth and fifth decades of life. Although the uterus is the most common site of origin of leiomyomas, they can develop at any site where there is smooth muscle cell. Extrauterine leiomyomas are not common and usually their diagnostic are more challenging. In this paper, we report one case of pelvic retroperitoneal leiomyoma associated to vulvar/perineal leiomyomas. A 47-year-old female patient presented with a 6-month history of deep dyspareunia, abdominal pain, dysuria, and pain during defecation. She had a previous history of two open myomectomies, a supracervical hysterectomy associated to the exeresis of a vulvar leiomyoma, and a left salpingo-oophorectomy. On vaginal examination, there was a tender and firm mass at the vaginal vault and along the posterior vaginal wall. There was another tumor at the left vulvar/perineal region measuring around 6cm. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated the presence of a mass at the Douglas pouch measuring 14 × 10 × 10cm suggestive of uterine leiomyomatosis. She underwent a successful laparoscopic resection of the pelvic tumor with an operative time of 210min. The vulvar/perineal lesions were resected by vaginal approach. She presented an uneventful postoperative course and was discharged home 3days after surgery. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of leiomyomas. Laparoscopic approach for pelvic retroperitoneal leiomyoma is feasible. It is important to keep in mind the possibility of this entity as a differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal masses in women. KeywordsRetroperitoneal leiomyomatosis–Leiomyoma–Retroperitoneal mass–Laparoscopy
    Gynecological Surgery 05/2009; 8(2):247-251. DOI:10.1007/s10397-009-0533-z
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