Oridonin induced apoptosis through Akt and MAPKs signaling pathways in human osteosarcoma cells.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, 74 Zhongshan 2 Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510080, China.
Cancer biology & therapy (Impact Factor: 3.29). 03/2007; 6(2):261-8. DOI: 10.4161/cbt.6.2.3621
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Previous studies have shown that oridonin, a diterpenoid isolated from Rabdosia rubescens, was able to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in several cell types. But the mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the apoptosis-inducing effect and mechanisms of action of oridonin in human osteosarcoma cells. Our results demonstrated that oridonin induced concentration- and time-dependent suppression of proliferation and activation of apoptosis in U2OS, MG63 and SaOS-2 osteosarcoma cell lines. Oridonin induced the release of cytochrome c accompanied by activation of caspase-9, caspase-3 and cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). These events were all inhibited by z-VAD-fmk, a universal inhibitor of caspases. Oridonin treatment dephosphorylated constitutively active AKT, FOXO transcription factor, and glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3). In addition, oridonin decreased the phosphorylation of ERK and increased the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and JNK. Furthermore, oridonin treatment down-regulated the expression of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein(IAP) in osteosarcoma cells. All together, our results suggested that oridonin is able to inactivate Akt and ERK and activate p38 MAPK and JNK signalling pathways in osteosarcoma cells causing the suppression of proliferation and induction of mitochondria- and caspase-dependent apoptosis.

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