Oridonin induced apoptosis through Akt and MAPKs signaling pathways in human osteosarcoma cells.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, 74 Zhongshan 2 Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510080, China.
Cancer biology & therapy (Impact Factor: 3.63). 03/2007; 6(2):261-8. DOI: 10.4161/cbt.6.2.3621
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Previous studies have shown that oridonin, a diterpenoid isolated from Rabdosia rubescens, was able to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in several cell types. But the mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the apoptosis-inducing effect and mechanisms of action of oridonin in human osteosarcoma cells. Our results demonstrated that oridonin induced concentration- and time-dependent suppression of proliferation and activation of apoptosis in U2OS, MG63 and SaOS-2 osteosarcoma cell lines. Oridonin induced the release of cytochrome c accompanied by activation of caspase-9, caspase-3 and cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). These events were all inhibited by z-VAD-fmk, a universal inhibitor of caspases. Oridonin treatment dephosphorylated constitutively active AKT, FOXO transcription factor, and glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3). In addition, oridonin decreased the phosphorylation of ERK and increased the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and JNK. Furthermore, oridonin treatment down-regulated the expression of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein(IAP) in osteosarcoma cells. All together, our results suggested that oridonin is able to inactivate Akt and ERK and activate p38 MAPK and JNK signalling pathways in osteosarcoma cells causing the suppression of proliferation and induction of mitochondria- and caspase-dependent apoptosis.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ubiquitin carboxyl terminal hydrolase 1 (UCHL1), a member of the UCH class of DUBs, has been reported as either an oncogene or a tumor suppressor. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the biological function of UCHL1 in osteosarcoma is still unclear. This study was aimed at elucidating the roles of UCHL1 in regulating the biological behavior of osteosarcoma cells. In this study, we found that UCHL1 was elevated in osteosarcoma compared with normal bone tissue. Moreover, UCHL1 expression level was correlated with tumor maximum diameter, high rate of lung metastases and short survival time. Then, we found that knockdown of UCHL1 in osteosarcoma cell MG63 inhibited cell proliferation and significantly increased cells population in G1 phase. Several cyclins promoting G1/S phase transition were reduced after UCHL1 knockdown, including cell cycle regulator cyclin D1, cyclin E1 and CDK6. Moreover, inhibition of UCHL1 in MG63 cells dramatically induced cell apoptosis. We also found that down-regulation of UCHL1 in MG63 significantly inhibited cell invasion. Then, we found that there was a positive correlation between UCHL1 expression level and the Akt and ERK phosphorylation status. Finally, in vivo data showed that knockdown of UCHL1 inhibited osteosarcoma growth in nude mice. These results indicates that UCHL1 could work as an oncogene and may serve a promising therapeutic strategy for osteosarcoma. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Cancer Letters 01/2015; 359(1). DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2014.12.001 · 5.02 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Wnt signaling pathway regulates some of the crucial aspects of cellular processes. The beta-catenin dependent Wnt signaling (Wnt/β-catenin) pathway controls the expression of key developmental genes, and acts as an intracellular signal transducer. The association of Wnt/β-catenin pathway is often reported with different cancers. In this study, we have reviewed the association of Wnt/β-catenin pathway with bone cancers, focusing on carcinogenesis and therapeutic aspects. Wnt/β-catenin pathway is a highly complex and unique signaling pathway, which has ability to regulate gene expression, cell invasion, migration, proliferation, and differentiation for the initiation and progression of bone cancers, especially osteosarcoma. Association of Wnt/β-catenin pathway with chondrosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma and chondroma is also documented. Recently, targeting Wnt/β-catenin pathway has gained significant interests as a potential therapeutic application for the treatment of bone cancers. Small RNA technology to knockdown aberrant Wnt/β-catenin or inhibition of β-catenin expression by natural component has shown promising effects against bone cancers. Advances in understanding the mechanisms of Wnt signaling and new technologies have facilitated the discovery of agents that can target and regulate Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, and these may provide a basement for the innovative therapeutic approaches in the treatment of bone cancers.
    Tumor Biology 08/2014; 35(10). DOI:10.1007/s13277-014-2433-8 · 2.84 Impact Factor
  • Source

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 26, 2014