Picobiliphytes: a marine picoplanktonic algal group with unknown affinities to other eukaryotes.

Station Biologique de Roscoff, UMR 7144 CNRS and Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Boîte Postale 74, 29682 Roscoff Cedex, France.
Science (Impact Factor: 31.48). 02/2007; 315(5809):253-5. DOI: 10.1126/science.1136264
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Environmental sequencing has revealed unimagined diversity among eukaryotic picoplankton. A distinct picoplanktonic algal group, initially detected from 18S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequences, was hybridized with rRNA-targeted probes, detected by tyramide signal amplification-fluorescent in situ hybridization, and showed an organelle-like body with orange fluorescence indicative of phycobilins. Using this fluorescence signal, cells were sorted by flow cytometry and probed. Hybridized cells contained a 4',6'-diamidino-2-phenylindole-stained organelle resembling a plastid with a nucleomorph. This suggests that they may be secondary endosymbiotic algae. Pending the isolation of living cells and their formal description, these algae have been termed picobiliphytes.

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