Role of unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis in virulence of Streptococcus mutans.
ABSTRACT An insertionally inactivated fabM strain of Streptococcus mutans does not produce unsaturated membrane fatty acids and is acid sensitive (E. M. Fozo and R. G. Quivey, Jr., J. Bacteriol. 186:4152-4158, 2004). In this study, the strain was shown to be poorly transmissible from host to host. Animals directly infected with the fabM strain exhibited fewer and less severe carious lesions than those observed in the wild-type strain.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of caging desalivated S. sobrinus-infected rats on the caries incidence in intact, previously uninfected cagemates. Weanlings were divided as follows: Stage I: Twenty desalivated animals paired with 20 intact animals (Group I); 20 intact animals paired with 20 intact animals (Group II). Animals were infected with S. sobrinus and fed diet 2000 and 10% sucrose water. After five weeks, ten paired animals from each group were killed. Desalivated animals had statistically higher (p less than 0.05) caries scores than did other animals. Stage II: The remaining Stage I infected animals from Groups I and II were paired with 40 new uninfected animals 15 days of age and fed cariogenic diets. After five weeks, new intact animals paired with Stage I desalivated animals had significantly higher smooth-surface enamel caries scores (38.0; SE 7.84) than new intact animals paired with Stage I intact animals (11.15; SE 3.69). Moreover, new intact animals caged for only five weeks with Stage I desalivated animals developed smooth-surface caries (38.0; SE 7.84) to a degree comparable with that in all Stage I intact animals in the experiment for ten weeks (36.6, SE 9.5; and 30.05, SE 4.1). The data suggest that desalivation may select a readily transmissible strain of S. sobrinus, which demonstrates enhanced virulence.Journal of Dental Research 06/1990; 69(5):1154-9. · 3.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Medications commonly used in elderly people cause hyposalivation and are associated with an enhanced prevalence of dental caries. Propranolol (a beta-adrenergic antagonist) is a commonly used antihypertensive agent that is prescribed for long-term use. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the effects of this drug on salivary composition and flow rate, and on caries, in young and aged rats. Forty young (28-day) and 36 aged (20-month) female Sprague-Dawley rats were infected with Streptococcus sobrinus 6715 and fed a cariogenic diet for 28 days. Propranolol was given in high (20 mg/kg/day) and low (10 mg/kg/day) doses via osmotic pumps. Unoperated and desalivated animals served as controls. Smooth-surface caries scores in the young animals receiving propranolol at 20 mg/kg/day were statistically higher than in the young intact rats (p < or = 0.05). Increased smooth-surface and sulcal caries scores were recorded in the aged propranolol-treated animals, but the differences were not statistically significant when compared with those in intact aged animals. Propranolol in aged animals did not affect the amount of alveolar bone loss but increased the risk of development of root caries. Young animals harboured greater populations of Strep. sobrinus and total cultivable flora than did all aged groups except the desalivated group. Salivary flow rates, induced by pilocarpine, were not decreased by the chronic administration of propranolol. Although the total protein concentration in parotid and submandibular saliva from drug-treated animals was reduced, differences were not observed in their SDS-PAGE profile when compared with unoperated animals. The findings demonstrate that chronic use of propranolol reduced the total protein concentration in saliva of all animals, increased caries susceptibility, but did not reduce the stimulated salivary flow rate.Archives of Oral Biology 10/1993; 38(10):853-61. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The role of each of the Streptococcus mutans gtf genes coding for glucan synthesis in cariogenesis was evaluated by using strain UA130 in the specific-pathogen-free (SPF) rat model system. Mutants defective in either or both of the genes required for insoluble glucan synthesis, the gtfB and gtfC genes, exhibited markedly reduced levels of smooth-surface carious lesions relative to that of the parental organism. Likewise, the mutant defective in the gtfD gene coding for the glucosyltransferase-S enzyme synthesizing water-soluble glucans also produced significantly fewer smooth-surface lesions than strain UA130. None of these mutations markedly altered the rate of sulcal caries induction relative to that of the parental organism. In addition, a mutant of strain UA130 defective in the gtfA gene was reexamined in the SPF rat model. In contrast to previous results from a gnotobiotic rat system, these mutants also induced significantly fewer smooth-surface carious lesions compared with that by strain UA130. These results suggest that all four genes are important for smooth-surface caries formation. Furthermore, these results are discussed relative to the differences in the diets utilized in the SPF and gnotobiotic rat model systems for assessing the virulence factors of S. mutans.Infection and Immunity 10/1993; 61(9):3811-7. · 4.07 Impact Factor