A novel role of the actin-nucleating Arp2/3 complex in the regulation of RNA polymerase II-dependent transcription

Department of Molecular Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.6). 04/2007; 282(10):7616-23. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M607596200
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT It has been well documented that actin is present in the nucleus and involved in numerous nuclear functions including regulation of transcription. The actin-nucleating Arp2/3 complex is an essential, evolutionarily conserved seven-subunit protein complex that promotes actin cytoskeleton assembly in the cytoplasm upon stimulation by WASP family proteins. Our recent study indicates that the nuclear localized neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP) can induce de novo actin polymerization in the nucleus, and this function is important for the role of N-WASP in the regulation of RNA polymerase II-dependent transcription. Here, we have presented evidence to show that the Arp2/3 complex is also localized in the nucleus and plays an essential role in mediating nuclear actin polymerization induced by N-WASP. We have also demonstrated that the Arp2/3 complex physically associates with RNA polymerase II and is involved in the RNA polymerase II-dependent transcriptional regulation both in vivo and in vitro. Together, these data provide strong support for the hypothesis that N-WASP and the Arp2/3 complex regulate transcription, at least in part, through the regulation of nuclear actin polymerization in a manner similar to their function in the cytoplasm.

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