Double unrelated reduced-intensity umbilical cord blood transplantation in adults.

Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA.
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation (Impact Factor: 3.35). 02/2007; 13(1):82-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbmt.2006.08.041
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Umbilical cord blood (UBC) stem cells are a useful stem cell source for patients without matched related or unrelated donors. Adult transplantation with single UBC units is associated with high transplantation-related mortality (TRM). In most cases, mortality is due to infection related to slow engraftment and immunoincompetence. In this study, we used a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen of fludarabine, melphalan, and antithymocyte globulin followed by 2 partially matched UBC units. The UBC units were a 4/6 HLA match or better with each other and with the patient and achieved a minimum precryopreservation cell dose of 3.7 x 10(7) nucleated cells/kg. A total of 21 patients (median age, 49 years) were treated. The median time to an absolute neutrophil count > 0.5 x 10(9)/L was 20 days, and the median time to an unsupported platelet count > 20 x 10(9)/L was 41 days. Two patients experienced primary graft failure and underwent a second UBC transplantation. One patient had a late graft failure. Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grade II-IV occurred in 40% of patients. The 100-day TRM was 14%, and the 1-year disease-free survival was 67%. Mixed chimerism was associated with a higher risk of chronic GVHD. Our findings indicate that adult patients can tolerate double UBC transplantation well and achieve sustained antitumor responses using this reduced-intensity conditioning regimen.

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    ABSTRACT: Since the success of the first umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation in a child with Fanconi anaemia in 1989, great interests have emerged for this source of stem cells. UCB provides an unlimited source of ethnically diverse stem cells and is an alternative for bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Thus, UCB and manipulated stem cells are now collected and banked according to international accreditation standards for listing on registries allowing rapid search and accessibility worldwide. This work aims to identify problems limiting the creation of a Moroccan cord blood bank and to highlight opportunities and issues of a new legislation promoting additional applications of cell therapy.
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    ABSTRACT: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is an important treatment option for fit patients with poor-risk hematological malignancies; nevertheless, the lack of available fully matched donors limits the extent of its use. Umbilical cord blood has emerged as an effective alternate source of hematopoietic stem cell support. Transplantation with cord blood allows for faster availability of frozen sample and avoids invasive procedures for donors. In addition, this procedure has demonstrated reduced relapse rates and similar overall survival when compared with unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The limited dose of CD34-positive stem cells available with single-unit cord transplantation has been addressed by the development of double-unit cord transplantation. In combination with improved conditioning regimens, double-unit cord transplantation has allowed for the treatment of larger children, as well as adult patients with hematological malignancies. Current excitement in the field revolves around the development of safer techniques to improve homing, engraftment, and immune reconstitution after cord blood transplantation. Here the authors review the past, present, and future of cord transplantation.
    STEM CELLS TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE 11/2014; 3(12). DOI:10.5966/sctm.2014-0151 · 3.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Few reports discuss the optimal management of patients diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB) before scheduled stem cell transplantation (SCT), who then proceed with transplantation.Methods We found 13 patients with TB before SCT (proven, n = 9; probable, n = 3; possible, n = 1) in the medical records of our institution.ResultsMost of the patients had pulmonary TB (n = 8; disseminated, n = 2; extrapulmonary, n = 3). Eight of 9 patients with proven disease had SCT after at least 100 days of anti-tuberculous medication, ranging from 103 to 450 days. None of those patients suffered TB-related events after SCT. However, 1 patient with proven pulmonary TB who underwent SCT after only 40 days of anti-tuberculous therapy subsequently died of TB meningitis. Patients with possible and probable disease had their transplants after 6–176 days of anti-tuberculous medication, and all were alive at the time of analysis. The entire duration of anti-tuberculous medication was 12 months in most cases. With a follow-up duration ranging from 0.7 to 87.5 months, 4 patients died, but TB was the cause of death in only 1 case.Conclusion In conclusion, for proven cases of TB, SCT after >100 days of anti-tuberculous medication is probably feasible and safe, in terms of TB control, in patients with various hematologic diseases.
    Transplant Infectious Disease 02/2015; 17(1). DOI:10.1111/tid.12341 · 1.98 Impact Factor

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