Protective effect of verapamil on multiple hepatotoxic factors-induced liver fibrosis in rats.
ABSTRACT The purpose of the present work was to investigate the effect of verapamil on liver fibrosis induced by multiple hepatotoxic factors in rats. Male Wistar rats were divided into a normal control group, a liver fibrosis model control group, and verapamil groups with different dosages. Multiple hepatotoxic factors including carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)), ethanol and high cholesterol were used to make the animal model of liver fibrosis. The parameters of serum l-alanine aminotransferase (ALT), liver malondialdehyde and hydroxyproline contents were measured. Samples of the liver obtained by biopsy were subjected to histological and immunohistochemical studies for the expressions of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) and transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)). Results showed that verapamil induced a dose-dependent decrease of serum ALT, liver malondialdehyde and hydroxyproline compared with liver fibrosis model control. Verapamil reduced hepatocyte degeneration and necrosis, and delayed the formation of liver fibrosis. The levels of expression of alpha-SMA and TGF-beta(1) in the hepatic tissue of three of the verapamil-treated groups were significantly less than those of the liver fibrosis model control group. The results showed that verapamil acts against the formation of liver fibrosis, the mechanism might be due to a protective effect for hepatocytes and through decreasing TGF-beta(1) to block the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and collagen gene expression.
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ABSTRACT: Cytoglobin, generated using genetic engineering method, is a kind of recombinant human stellate cell activation-associated protein. We speculate that it could influence the development of hepatic fibrosis like Sellate cell activation-associated protein which was discovered by Kawada et al. Therefore, we investigated its anti-fibrosis effect on liver both in vivo and in vitro. During our research, we found that cytoglobin showed obvious effect compared with the control group on Thioacetamide-induced liver fibrosis in SD rats, including significantly decrease in aspartate aminotransferase, Hyaluronic acid, laminin and collagen I(Col I) levels in serum and hydroxyproline in livers, which are the important indices reflecting the degree of hepatic fibrosis. Meanwhile, the viability of rat hepatic stellate cell line T6 (HSC-T6) cells was inhibited by cytoglobin and the apoptosis induced by cytoglobin in HSC-T6 cells was detected by Annexin V/PI double staining. Activation of the caspase cascade including caspase-3 for the intrinsic pathways was demonstrated. The results also showed that the expression of Bcl-2 protein decreased whereas that of Bax protein increased, leading to an increase of the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. Our results demonstrated that cytoglobin exhibited anti-fibrosis activity on livers in vivo and in vitro, involving apoptosis induction.The Protein Journal 08/2011; 30(7):437-46. · 1.13 Impact Factor
Article: Pathogenesis of liver cirrhosis.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Liver cirrhosis is the final pathological result of various chronic liver diseases, and fibrosis is the precursor of cirrhosis. Many types of cells, cytokines and miRNAs are involved in the initiation and progression of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is a pivotal event in fibrosis. Defenestration and capillarization of liver sinusoidal endothelial cells are major contributing factors to hepatic dysfunction in liver cirrhosis. Activated Kupffer cells destroy hepatocytes and stimulate the activation of HSCs. Repeated cycles of apoptosis and regeneration of hepatocytes contribute to pathogenesis of cirrhosis. At the molecular level, many cytokines are involved in mediation of signaling pathways that regulate activation of HSCs and fibrogenesis. Recently, miRNAs as a post-transcriptional regulator have been found to play a key role in fibrosis and cirrhosis. Robust animal models of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis, as well as the recently identified critical cellular and molecular factors involved in the development of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis will facilitate the development of more effective therapeutic approaches for these conditions.World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 06/2014; 20(23):7312-7324.
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ABSTRACT: Human serum albumin (HSA) is widely used in clinical and cell culture applications. Conventional production of HSA from human blood is limited by the availability of blood donation and the high risk of viral transmission from donors. Here, we report the production of Oryza sativa recombinant HSA (OsrHSA) from transgenic rice seeds. The level of OsrHSA reached 10.58% of the total soluble protein of the rice grain. Large-scale production of OsrHSA generated protein with a purity >99% and a productivity rate of 2.75 g/kg brown rice. Physical and biochemical characterization of OsrHSA revealed it to be equivalent to plasma-derived HSA (pHSA). The efficiency of OsrHSA in promoting cell growth and treating liver cirrhosis in rats was similar to that of pHSA. Furthermore, OsrHSA displays similar in vitro and in vivo immunogenicity as pHSA. Our results suggest that a rice seed bioreactor produces cost-effective recombinant HSA that is safe and can help to satisfy an increasing worldwide demand for human serum albumin.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 11/2011; 108(47):19078-83. · 9.81 Impact Factor