Primary production in headwater streams of the Seine basin: the Grand Morin river case study.

Centre de Géosciences, UMR Sisyphe, ENSMP, 35, rue Saint-Honoré, F-77305 Fontainebleau, France.
Science of The Total Environment (Impact Factor: 3.16). 05/2007; 375(1-3):98-109. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.12.015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Periphytic biomass has an important influence on the water quality of many shallow streams. The purpose of this paper is to synthesize the knowledge obtained on periphyton during the PIREN Seine research program. Periphyton was sampled using chl a measurements by acetone extraction and oxygen measurements with microelectrodes. The experiments reveal the presence of an important fixed biomass ranging between 123 and 850 mgchl a m(-2) and the mean gross production (photosynthesis) is shown to range between 180 and 315 mgC m(-2) h(-1). An independent approach was performed using the ProSe model, which simulates transport and biogeochemical processes in 22 km of the Grand Morin stream. A strong agreement between in situ measurements and the model results was obtained. The gross production obtained using ProSe is 220 mgC m(-2) h(-1) for the periphyton, which matches the experimental data. Although the net photosynthetic activity of the phytoplankton (0.84 gC gC(-1) d(-1)) is higher than the periphytic one (0.33 gC gC(-1) d(-1)), the absolute periphytic activity is greater since the mean biomass (3.4 gC m(-)(2)) is 10 times higher than the phytoplanktonic one (0.3 gC m(-2)), due to the short residence time of the water body (1.5d).

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aims at quantifying pluri-annual Total Suspended Matter (TSM) budgets, and notably the share of river navigation in total re-suspension at a long-term scale, in the Seine River along a 225km stretch including the Paris area. Erosion is calculated based on the transport capacity concept with an additional term for the energy dissipated by river navigation. Erosion processes are fitted for the 2007-2011 period based on i) a hydrological typology of sedimentary processes and ii) a simultaneous calibration and retrospective validation procedure. The correlation between observed and simulated TSM concentrations is higher than 0.91 at all monitoring stations. A variographic analysis points out the possible sources of discrepancies between the variabilities of observed and simulated TSM concentrations at three time scales: sub-weekly, monthly and seasonally. Most of the error on the variability of simulated concentrations concerns sub-weekly variations and may be caused by boundary condition estimates rather than modeling of in-river processes. Once fitted, the model permits to quantify that only a small fraction of the TSM flux sediments onto the river bed (<0.3‰). The river navigation contributes significantly to TSM re-suspension in average (about 20%) and during low flow periods (over 50%). Given the significant impact that sedimentary processes can have on the water quality of rivers, these results highlight the importance of taking into account river navigation as a source of re-suspension, especially during low flow periods when biogeochemical processes are the most intense.
    Science of The Total Environment 09/2014; 502C:48-59. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.08.110 · 3.16 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper focuses on soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) dynamics along a 225 km stretch of the Seine River, including the Paris urban area, for the 2007–2011 period. The impact of hydro-sedimentary processes on SRP concentrations and fluxes is estimated under various hydrological conditions. Sorption interaction parameters between SRP and suspended matter are experimentally determined on river water samples and are included in a hydro-ecological model. Simulated concentrations are compared to weekly measurements at 11 monitoring stations. The introduction of sorption in the model reduces the root mean square error of simulated SRP concentrations by 20 %and allows the simulation of particulate inorganic P (PIP) accumulation in the system. With these ameliorations, the model constitutes a reliable management tool, which is compatible with the requirements of new regulations as the European Water Framework Directive. P mass balances are assessed upstream and downstream the major waste water treatment plant of the Paris urban area. P fluxes in the system are mainly driven by hydrological conditions and sediment-related processes. While SRP is the predominant P form during low flow, PIP accounts for more than 70 %of the total P during high flow. Moreover, SRP sorption fluxes are of the same order of magnitude as biotic fluxes affecting SRP concentrations. According to the model, and based on all the available data, 75 %of the SRP release by the river bed sediments occurs during high flow periods, and PIP exchanges at the sediment–water interface are more than 4 times higher during high flow periods than during low flow periods.
    Biogeochemistry 09/2014; In Press. DOI:10.1007/s10533-014-0038-3 · 3.73 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Assessing the fate of endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) in the environment is currently a key issue for determining their impacts on aquatic ecosystems. The 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) is a well known EDC and results from the biodegradation of surfactant nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPnEOs). Fate mechanisms of NPnEO are well documented but their rate constants have been mainly determined through laboratory experiments. This study aims at evaluating the in-situ fate of 4-NP, nonylphenol monoethoxylate (NP1EO) and nonylphenolic acetic acid (NP1EC). Two sampling campaigns were carried out on the Seine River in July and September 2011, along a 28km-transect downstream Paris City. The field measurements are used for the calibration of a sub-model of NPnEO fate, included into a hydro-ecological model of the Seine River (ProSe). The timing of the sampling is based on the Seine River velocity in order to follow a volume of water. Based on our results, in-situ attenuation rate constants of 4-NP, NP1EO and NP1EC for both campaigns are evaluated. These rate constants vary greatly. Although the attenuation rate constants in July are especially high (higher than 1d(-1)), those obtained in September are lower and consistent with the literature. This is probably due to the biogeochemical conditions in the Seine River. Indeed, the July sampling campaign took place at the end of an algal bloom leading to an unusual bacterial biomass while the September campaign was carried out during common biogeochemical status. Finally, the uncertainties on measurements and on the calibration parameters are estimated through a sensitivity analysis. This study provides relevant information regarding the fate of biodegradable pollutants in an aquatic environment by coupling field measurements and a biogeochemical model. Such data may be very helpful in the future to better understand the fate of nonylphenolic compounds or any other pollutants at the basin scale.
    Science of The Total Environment 10/2013; 468-469C:1050-1058. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.09.028 · 3.16 Impact Factor