Treatment of the Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagogastric Junction at a Single Institution in Mexico

Clínica de Neoplasias Gástricas, Gastroenterology Department, Surgery Division, Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, México D.F., México.
Annals of Surgical Oncology (Impact Factor: 3.93). 05/2007; 14(4):1439-48. DOI: 10.1245/s10434-006-9216-4
Source: PubMed


Adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) is rapidly increasing in the west. Our aim is to define the prognostic factors and treatment of EGJ carcinoma in Mexico, particularly the location after the Siewert's classification.
A retrospective cohort of patients suffering from EGJ adenocarcinoma treated from 1987 to 2000. The Kaplan-Meier and the Cox's models were used to define prognostic factors.
Two hundred and thirty-four patients were included, 90 females and 144 males. Surgical resection was possible in 68 cases only (29%). Significant prognostic factors were tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage [stages I-II: risk ratio (RR) is 1; stage III RR is 1.3, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.75-2.4; stage IV RR, 2.04, 95% CI 1.1-3.7], gender (male RR = 1.47, 95% CI 1.05-2.05), metastatic lymph node ratio (no resection: RR = 1; ratio 0.2-1 RR=0.67, 95% CI 0.39-1.14; ratio 0-0.19 RR = 0.42, 95% CI 0.23-0.76) and seralbumin (3 mg/dL or less RR = 2.05 95% CI 1.3-3.2; 3.1-3.4 mg/dL RR = 1.9 95% CI 1.2-3.03; 3.5-3.8 mg/dL RR = 1.3 95% CI 0.8-1.9; 3.9 mg/dL or more: RR = 1) (model P = 0.0001).
EGJ adenocarcinoma is a highly lethal neoplasia and the location after the Siewert' classification is not a prognostic factor. In Mexico, TNM clinical stage, serum albumin, gender, surgical resection and metastatic lymph node ratio are significant prognostic factors. Curative treatment is infrequent but radical resection is associated to longer survival. Consequently, the management must consider quality of life and surgical morbidity.

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