AphidBase: a database for aphid genomic resources.
ABSTRACT AphidBase aims to (i) store recently acquired genomic resources on aphids and (ii) compare them to other insect resources as functional annotation tools. For that, the Drosophila melanogaster genome has been loaded in the database using the GMOD open source software for a comparison with the 17 069 pea aphid unique transcripts (contigs) and the 13 639 gene transcripts of the Anopheles gambiae. Links to FlyBase and A.gambiae Entrez databases allow a rapid characterization of the putative functions of the aphid sequences. Text mining of the D.melanogaster literature was performed to construct a network of co-cited gene or protein names, which should facilitate functional annotation of aphid homolog sequences. AphidBase represents one of the first genomic databases for a hemipteran insect. AVAILABILITY: http://w3.rennes.inra.fr/AphidBase.
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ABSTRACT: The biggest challenge for modern biology is to integrate multidisciplinary approaches towards understanding the organizational and functional complexity of biological systems at different hierarchies, starting from the subcellular molecular mechanisms (microscopic) to the functional interactions of ecological communities (macroscopic). The plant-insect interaction is a good model for this purpose with the availability of an enormous amount of information at the molecular and the ecosystem levels. Changing global climatic conditions are abruptly resetting plant-insect interactions. Integration of discretely located heterogeneous information from the ecosystem to genes and pathways will be an advantage to understand the complexity of plant-insect interactions. This review will present the recent developments in omics-based high-throughput experimental approaches, with particular emphasis on studying plant defence responses against insect attack. The review highlights the importance of using integrative systems approaches to study plant-insect interactions from the macroscopic to the microscopic level. We analyse the current efforts in generating, integrating and modelling multiomics data to understand plant-insect interaction at a systems level. As a future prospect, we highlight the growing interest in utilizing the synthetic biology platform for engineering insect-resistant plants. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: firstname.lastname@example.org.Journal of Experimental Botany 12/2014; 66(2). DOI:10.1093/jxb/eru489 · 5.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Species of plant viruses within the Luteoviridae, Geminiviridae, and Nanoviridae are transmitted by phloem-feeding insects in a circulative, nonpropagative manner. The precise route of virus movement through the vector can differ across and within virus families, but these viruses all share many biological, biochemical, and ecological features. All share temporal and spatial constraints with respect to transmission efficiency. The viruses also induce physiological changes in their plant hosts resulting in behavioral changes in the insects that optimize the transmission of virus to new hosts. Virus proteins interact with insect, endosymbiont, and plant proteins to orchestrate, directly and indirectly, virus movement in insects and plants to facilitate transmission. Knowledge of these complex interactions allows for the development of new tools to reduce or prevent transmission, to quickly identify important vector populations, and to improve the management of these economically important viruses affecting agricultural and natural plant populations.Advances in Virus Research 01/2014; 89:141-99. DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-800172-1.00004-5 · 3.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hsp90s, members of the Heat Shock Protein class, protect the structure and function of proteins and play a significant task in cellular homeostasis and signal transduction. In order to determine the number of hsp90 gene copies and encoded proteins in fungal and animal lineages and through that key duplication events that this family has undergone, we collected and evaluated Hsp90 protein sequences and corresponding Expressed Sequence Tags and analyzed available genomes from various taxa. We provide evidence for duplication events affecting either single species or wider taxonomic groups. With regard to Fungi, duplicated genes have been detected in several lineages. In invertebrates, we demonstrate key duplication events in certain clades of Arthropoda and Mollusca, and a possible gene loss event in a hymenopteran family. Finally, we infer that the duplication event responsible for the two (a and b) isoforms in vertebrates occurred probably shortly after the split of Hyperoartia and Gnathostomata.PLoS ONE 09/2013; 8(9):e73217. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0073217 · 3.53 Impact Factor