[Evaluation of a non-invasive hemoglobin measurement device for pre-deposited autologous blood donation].
A non-invasive hemoglobin measurement instrument (Sysmex Co.Ltd., Kobe, Japan) was used for the evaluation of hemoglobin levels just before blood drawing for repeat autologous blood donation. There was a statistically significant correlation (r = 0.598) between the hemoglobin levels determined with the non-invasive instrument (NINV-Hb) and true Hb levels (T-Hb) evaluated by direct analysis with automatic hematology analyzer, KX-21 (Sysmex). The analysis used 156 data obtained from 66 patients. Ten patients whose differences between NINV-Hb and T-Hb of the first blood donation were more than 2.1 g/dl were excluded from further analysis. Imaging analysis indicated difficulties with the detection of appropriate blood vessel images in one of these patients, but the reasons for other patients were not apparent. There was a closer relationship between NINV-Hb and T-Hb for the 76 measurements for the second or third blood donation obtained from 56 patients (r = 0.704) than for the entire data (r = 0.598). When 12 g/dl was used as the cut off value for NINV-Hb, sensitivity and specificity for the detection of 1l g/dl of T-Hb, which is considered the critical level for drawing autologous blood for donation, were 83.6% and 77.8%, respectively. We conclude, therefore, that NINV-Hb evaluation can be expected to be useful for repeated autologous blood donation of limited patients, however, it is strongly expected to develop a new system having more sensitive and accurately detectable ability.
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