Article

DNA study of bladder papillary tumours chemically induced by N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl) nitrosamine in Fisher rats.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, CECAV, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal.
International Journal of Experimental Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.05). 03/2007; 88(1):39-46. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2613.2006.00517.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To examine DNA abnormalities in bladder papillary tumours induced by N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl) nitrosamine (BBN) in female rats, using image cytometric DNA analysis and cytogenetics. Thirty female rats were exposed to BBN in their drinking water for 20 weeks. One group of 10 animals served as controls. The animals exposed to BBN were killed at a rate of two per week, with the bladder being collected under aseptic conditions and those tumours with exophytic growth removed. The nuclear DNA content of the tumours was evaluated using image cytometric analysis. In two rats part of the tumour pieces was stipulated for culturing. Cytogenetic analysis was performed on at least 30 cells from each cell population and on both tumours. Papillary carcinomas were classified as low grade and high grade. DNA ploidy studies were carried out on 28 low-grade and 21 high-grade papillary carcinomas. Histograms obtained by image analysis showed that a normal urothelium was diploid; 28.6% and 100% of low-and high-grade papillary carcinomas were aneuploid respectively. Both tumours used for cell culture showed multiple numerical and structural chromosome alterations and several marker chromosomes. Image cytometric DNA analysis proved to be a good and reliable method for examining DNA alterations in papillary bladder carcinomas. The present findings establish that the DNA content is statistically different between low-grade and high-grade papillary carcinomas and that deviation from the diploid number is markedly higher in the high-grade ones. In addition, the occurrence of marker chromosomes seems to be related to the aggressiveness of the tumour.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Aura Colaço, Jul 27, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
102 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether carcinoma in situ (CIS) lesion could be considered a surrogate marker of urothelium genetic instability and field carcinogenesis or not, we evaluated DNA content, p53 overexpression, and proliferative index (Ki-67 expression) in primary tumor, in tumor-adjacent mucosa, and distant urothelial mucosa with and without presence of CIS. A retrospective study in radical cystectomy specimens from 49 patients was carried out. All the lesions present in each cystectomy specimen were studied, including the tumor area and the adjacent mucosa (AM). Whenever possible, the distant mucosa (DM) was also studied. When CIS was detected, this lesion and the surrounding normal mucosa were also studied. The 49 tumor areas included high grade papillary urothelial carcinoma (HGP) in 19 cases (38.8%) and invasive urothelial cell carcinomas in 30 cases (61.2%). The nuclear DNA content of cancer cells was evaluated using image cytometry allowing the determination of the DNA ploidy and 5cER parameters. The p53 and Ki-67 immunoexpression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. CIS lesions were observed in the AM and DM of both tumor groups: 15.8% and 15.4% in AM and DM, for each one of them, in HGP group and 26.7% and 22.2% in AM and DM, for each one of them, in invasive tumors group. In CIS lesion aneuploid DNA content, p53 overexpression and high proliferative labeling index were observed. The so-called normal mucosa (AM and DM) with and without focus of CIS lesions were compared for genetic instability and molecular alterations profile. Statistical differences were observed between the normal mucosa with and without CIS: the so-called normal mucosa areas with focus of CIS revealed significantly higher frequencies of DNA content alterations, p53 overexpression, and higher proliferative index. These differences were significantly different in the invasive UCC group, but this profile it is also present in HPG group. This study points out that CIS is a marker of genetic instability of the urothelium mucosa. The CIS surrounding morphologically normal urothelium showed a high frequency of abnormal DNA content, with high percentage of clear aneuploid cells (high 5cER), p53 mutated protein expression, and a proliferative status underlying a field carcinogenesis. These alterations in normal mucosa were not found when CIS was not present.
    Urologic Oncology 10/2009; 29(2):205-11. DOI:10.1016/j.urolonc.2009.07.022 · 3.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Loss of skeletal muscle is a serious consequence of cancer as it leads to weakness and increased risk of death. To better understand the interplay between urothelial carcinoma and skeletal muscle wasting, cancer-induced catabolic profile and its relationship with muscle mitochondria dynamics were evaluated using a rat model of chemically induced urothelial carcinogenesis by the administration of N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)-nitrosamine (BBN). The histologic signs of non-muscle-invasive bladder tumors observed in BBN animals were related to 17% loss of body weight and high serum levels of IL-1beta, TNF-α, TWEAK, C-reactive protein, myostatin and lactate and high urinary MMPs activities, suggesting a catabolic phenotype underlying urothelial carcinoma. The 12% loss of gastrocnemius mass was related to mitochondrial dysfunction, manifested by decreased activity of respiratory chain complexes due to, at least partially, the impairment of protein quality control (PQC) systems involving the mitochondrial proteases paraplegin and Lon. This was paralleled by the accumulation of oxidatively modified mitochondrial proteins. In overall, our data emphasize the relevance of studying the regulation of PQC systems in cancer cachexia aiming to identify therapeutic targets to counteract muscle wasting.
    The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology 04/2013; 45(7). DOI:10.1016/j.biocel.2013.04.014 · 4.24 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chemically-induced urinary bladder cancer in rodents has long been used as a reliable model to study the biopathology of urinary bladder neoplasia and to develop therapeutic strategies against human tumors. Knowledge of the genetic basis underlying carcinogenesis would greatly enhance usability and usefulness of this model for the purposes of comparative pathology. However, little is known about the cytogenetic characteristics of rodent urinary bladder tumors. Accordingly, pathological and negative control specimens were collected for cytogenetic evaluation, from an ongoing mouse urinary bladder N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl) nitrosamine-induced carcinogenesis study. Histopathological analysis characterized the pathological sample as a papillary urothelial carcinoma. Conventional cytogenetic analysis revealed the presence of 66.3 % tetraploid cells. Fluorescent in situ hybridization using chromosome paint probes allowed the detection of a reciprocal translocation involving chromosomes 4 and 14 (containing the murine homologues to human p16 and retinoblastoma tumor-suppressor genes) in 42 % of tetraploid cells. The control sample showed no histological or cytogenetic changes. CDKN2A and RB1 loss of heterozygosity is associated with human early and advanced urinary bladder cancer, respectively. Thus, the present data paves the way for further studies concerning the molecular mechanisms of urinary bladder carcinogenesis.
    Tumor Biology 05/2013; 34(5). DOI:10.1007/s13277-013-0820-1 · 3.61 Impact Factor