Polymorphisms of tumor necrosis factor-alpha but not MDR1 influence response to medical therapy in pediatric-onset inflammatory bowel disease.
ABSTRACT We investigated the contribution of variants of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and MDR1 genes in the predisposition and response to medical therapy in a large pediatric cohort of patients with Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC).
In this study, 200 patients with CD, 186 patients with UC, 434 parents (217 trios), and 347 healthy unrelated controls were investigated. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms -G308A and -C857T of the TNF-alpha gene and C3435T of the MDR1 gene were investigated and correlated with clinical subphenotypes and efficacy of medical therapy.
The frequency of the -308A allele of the TNF-alpha gene was significantly increased in both patients with CD (15%; odds ratio [OR] = 2.79; P < 0.01) and patients with UC (11%; OR = 1.96; P < 0.003) compared with controls (6%). Carriers of this allele were 27% in CD (OR = 2.94; P < 0.01) and 19% in UC (OR = 1.86; P = 0.015) compared with 11% in healthy controls. No significant difference was found for both the -C857T and C3435T single-nucleotide polymorphisms. With the genotype/phenotype analysis, no correlation in patients with UC with the MDR1 gene was found. CD carriers of the -308A allele had a higher frequency of surgical resection (35% vs 20%; OR = 2.1; P = 0.035) and more frequent resistance to steroids (22% vs 8%; OR = 0.29; P = 0.032) compared with noncarriers. These findings were confirmed by stepwise logistic regression.
In our pediatric cohort, the promoter -308A polymorphism of TNF-alpha but not the MDR1 gene is significantly involved in the predisposition to both CD and UC. This polymorphism carries a significant reduction in response to steroid therapy, probably leading to a more frequent need for surgical resection.
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ABSTRACT: Aim: In the AIEOP-BFM ALL (Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica-Berlin Frankfurt Münster acute lymphoblastic leukemia) 2000 protocol, 70% of relapsed patients had favorable prognostic features and fell within less intensive polychemotherapeutic regimens, suggesting the need for better assessing lower risk stratification. Materials & methods: A novel two-phase study design selected 614 children to be genotyped for TNF-α SNP rs1800629 (-308G>A). A weighted Cox model was applied to evaluate the SNP effect on hazard of relapse, adjusting for immunophenotype, risk group, age and gender and including interaction terms. Results: Significant interaction was found with immunophenotypes (p = 0.0007, with minor allele genotypes being adverse genetic markers in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia and protective ones in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia), and also with risk protocols (p = 0.0041, with minor allele genotypes as prognostic factor of relapse for standard risk patients [only one T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia in the subgroup analyzed]). Conclusion: The presence of at least one A allele in TNF-α SNP rs1800629 should suggest a closer monitoring in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia standard risk patients. Original submitted 12 September 2013; Revision submitted 16 December 2013.Pharmacogenomics 04/2014; 15(5):619-27. DOI:10.2217/pgs.13.249 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Aim: To identify clinical and/or genetic predictors of response to several therapies in Crohn's disease (CD) patients. Methods: We included 242 patients with CD (133 females) aged (mean +/- standard deviation) 39 +/- 12 years and a disease duration of 12 +/- 8 years. The single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) studied were ABCB1 C3435T and G2677T/A, IL23R G1142A, C2370A, and G9T, CASP9 C93T, Fas G670A and LgC844T, and ATG16L1 A898G. Genotyping was performed with real-time PCR with Taqman probes. Results: Older patients responded better to 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) and to azathioprine (OR 1.07, p = 0.003 and OR 1.03, p = 0.01, respectively) while younger ones responded better to biologicals (OR 0.95, p = 0.06). Previous surgery negatively influenced response to 5-ASA compounds (OR 0.25, p = 0.05), but favoured response to azathioprine (OR 2.1, p = 0.04). In respect to genetic predictors, we observed that heterozygotes for ATGL16L1 SNP had a significantly higher chance of responding to corticosteroids (OR 2.51, p = 0.04), while homozygotes for Casp9 C93T SNP had a lower chance of responding both to corticosteroids and to azathioprine (OR 0.23, p = 0.03 and OR 0.08, p = 0.02,). TT carriers of ABCB1 C3435T SNP had a higher chance of responding to azathioprine (OR 2.38, p = 0.01), while carriers of ABCB1 G2677T/A SNP, as well as responding better to azathioprine (OR 1.89, p = 0.07), had a lower chance of responding to biologicals (OR 0.31, p = 0.07), which became significant after adjusting for gender (OR 0.75, p = 0.005). Conclusions: In the present study, we were able to identify a number of clinical and genetic predictors of response to several therapies which may become of potential utility in clinical practice. These are preliminary results that need to be replicated in future pharmacogenomic studies.02/2014; 2(1):47-56. DOI:10.1177/2050640613519626
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ABSTRACT: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is one of the main types of inflammatory bowel disease, which is caused by dysregulated immune responses in genetically predisposed individuals. Several genetic factors, including interleukin and interleukin receptor gene polymorphisms and other inflammation-related genes play central role in mediating and modulating the inflammation in the human body, thereby these can be the main cause of development of the disease. It is clear these data are very important for understanding the base of the disease, especially in terms of clinical utility and validity, but summarized literature is exiguous for challenge health specialist that can used in the clinical practice nowadays. This review summarizes the current literature on inflammation-related genetic polymorphisms which are associated with UC. We performed an electronic search of Pubmed Database among publications of the last 10 years, using the following medical subject heading terms: UC, ulcerative colitis, inflammation, genes, polymorphisms, and susceptibility.