Jaagsiekte Sheep Retrovirus (JSRV): From virus to lung cancer in sheep

Université de Lyon 1, INRA, UMR754, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Lyon, IFR 128, F-69007, Lyon, France.
Veterinary Research (Impact Factor: 2.82). 03/2007; 38(2):211-28. DOI: 10.1051/vetres:2006060
Source: PubMed


Jaagsiekte Sheep Retrovirus (JSRV) is a betaretrovirus infecting sheep. This virus is responsible for a pulmonary adenocarcinoma, by transformation of epithelial cells from the bronchioli and alveoli. This animal cancer is similar to human bronchioloalveolar cancer (BAC), a specific form of human lung cancer for which a viral aetiology has not yet been identified. JSRV interacts with target cells through the membrane receptor Hyal2. The JSRV genome is simple and contains no recognised oncogene. It is now well established that the viral envelope protein is oncogenic by itself, via the cytoplasmic domain of the transmembrane glycoprotein and some domains of the surface glycoprotein. Activation of the PI3K/Akt and MAPK pathways participates in the envelope-induced transformation. Tumour development is associated with telomerase activation. This review will focus on the induction of cancer by JSRV.

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Available from: Fabienne Archer, Oct 06, 2015
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    • "The enJSRV/exJSRV retroviruses in sheep represent a powerful model for the study of interactions between an ERV, its exogenous counterpart and their host. The sheep genome contains approximately 30 copies of the endogenous retrovirus enJSRV, which is highly related to the exogenous betaretrovirus exJSRV (90%–98% identity at the amino acid level), the etiological agent of ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma [5]–[8]. Among the enJSRVs, it has been shown that the enJS56A1 provirus was able to block the release of infectious JSRV particles when co-expressed in cultured cells, illustrating a novel mechanism of retroviral interference [9]. "
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    ABSTRACT: The Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus exJSRV and its endogenous counterpart enJSRV co-exist in sheep. exJSRV, a betaretrovirus, is the etiological agent of ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma, and it has been demonstrated in vitro that an enJSRV Gag variant bearing the R-to-W amino acid change at position 21 was able to block exJSRV budding from the cells, providing a potential protective role for the host. In this work, we developed a fast mutation detection assay based on the oligo ligation assay (OLA) that permits the quantification of the relative proportions of the R21 and W21 Gag variants present in individual genomes and in cDNA obtained from normal and exJSRV-induced lung tumors. We have shown that the W21/R21 ratio is variable within and between breeds. We also describe for the first time that putative protecting enJSRV variants were expressed in alveolar type II cells (AECII), the major target of exJSRV.
    PLoS ONE 07/2012; 7(7):e41965. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0041965 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    • "Ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma is a naturally occurring lung cancer that arises in sheep infected by jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV) [5]–[7]. It has been described for a long time as an animal model for human P-ADC, as the two tumours share strikingly similar clinical, radiological and pathological features [7], [8]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Pneumonic-type lung adenocarcinoma (P-ADC) represents a distinct subset of lung cancer with specific clinical, radiological, and pathological features. Given the weak association with tobacco-smoking and the striking similarities with jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV)-induced ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma, it has been suggested that a zoonotic viral agent infecting pulmonary cells may predispose to P-ADC in humans. Our objective was to explore whether exposure to domestic small ruminants may represent a risk factor for P-ADC. We performed a multicenter case-control study recruiting patients with P-ADC as cases and patients with non-P-ADC non-small cell lung cancer as controls. A dedicated 356-item questionnaire was built to evaluate exposure to livestock. A total of 44 cases and 132 controls were included. At multivariate analysis, P-ADC was significantly more associated with female gender (Odds-ratio (OR) = 3.23, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.32-7.87, p = 0.010), never-smoker status (OR = 3.57, 95% CI: 1.27-10.00, p = 0.015), personal history of extra-thoracic cancer before P-ADC diagnosis (OR = 3.43, 95% CI: 1.10-10.72, p = 0.034), and professional exposure to goats (OR = 5.09, 95% CI: 1.05-24.69, p = 0.043), as compared to other subtypes of lung cancer. This case-control suggests a link between professional exposure to goats and P-ADC, and prompts for further epidemiological evaluation of potential environmental risk factors for P-ADC.
    PLoS ONE 05/2012; 7(5):e37889. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0037889 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    • "OPA is a contagious lung cancer caused by Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV), a retrovirus with simple genetic organization of the genus Betaretrovirus. JSRV induces transformation of differentiated lung epithelial cells, and tumours exclusively occur in the lung (Leroux et al., 2007), leading to progressive respiratory distress and death within a few weeks of the onset of the clinical signs. Moreover, OPA particularly resembles human bronchioloalveolar cell carcinoma (BAC), a lung tumour that is only weakly associated with smoking (Griffiths et al., 2010). "
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    ABSTRACT: Maedi-Visna (MV) and ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma (OPA) are two retroviral diseases occurring worldwide that affect adult sheep. Differences in incidence, which may be related to sheep-rearing and housing choices, as well as to genetics, and disease progression have been reported for both diseases. In this work four microsatellites located in immune-relevant regions, the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region, interferon-γ and interleukin-12p35, were genotyped to determine their association with disease progression. The analysed sample included Latxa sheep with and without OPA and MV-characteristic lesions in their lungs. The microsatellites in the MHC were the most diverse, while the ones located in the cytokines were the less polymorphic. In the case of IFN-γ the results suggested the presence of null alleles. Significant results were detected for several microsatellite alleles in the association analysis carried out by logistic regression. All statistical analyses included a flock effect adjustment to avoid false positives due to genetic structuration. MHC Class I microsatellite alleles OMHC1*205 and OMHC1*193 were associated with disease progression for Maedi and OPA, respectively. Moreover, MHC Class II microsatellite allele DRB2*275 was associated with presence of lesions in Maedi. Furthermore, the MHC microsatellites were combined for a bioinformatic haplotype inference with the PHASE software. In total, 73 haplotypes were detected, 18 of them in more than 6 animals. After standard and weighted logistic regression analysis, two of them were significantly associated with susceptibility: OMHC1*205-DRB2*271 for Maedi and OMHC1*193-DRB2*271 for OPA, both with the Class I microsatellite alleles associated in the marker by marker study. Although more extensive analyses are needed to disentangle the relationship between host genetics and disease, as far as we know this is the first study demonstrating a significant association between sheep MHC Class I microsatellite alleles and susceptibility to Maedi-Visna and OPA viral diseases.
    Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 01/2012; 145(1-2):438-46. DOI:10.1016/j.vetimm.2011.12.020 · 1.54 Impact Factor
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