[Ophtalmologic manifestations of the xeroderma pigmentosum].
ABSTRACT Xéroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare genetic disease characterised by defective repair of DNA damage. We report a retrospective study of the ophtalmologic manifestations of 16 patients with xéroderma pigmentosum, the ophtalmologic manifestations were present in 62% of cases. The age of patients was 7 to 22 years. Photophobia were seen in all patients. Multiple tumors were seen with 5 squamous cell carcinoma. Tumor size was 1 to 6 cm. Ocular involvement occurs in up to 80% of cases of XP. Infection, néoplasia, conjonctiva are the most commun finding. Patients with XP can acquire squamous cell carcinoma at an early age.