Physiologic systemic iron metabolism in mice deficient for duodenal Hfe.

Molecular Medicine Partnership Unit, University of Heidelberg, Germany.
Blood (Impact Factor: 9.78). 06/2007; 109(10):4511-7. DOI: 10.1182/blood-2006-07-036186
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Mutations in the Hfe gene result in hereditary hemochromatosis (HH), a disorder characterized by increased duodenal iron absorption and tissue iron overload. Identification of a direct interaction between Hfe and transferrin receptor 1 in duodenal cells led to the hypothesis that the lack of functional Hfe in the duodenum affects TfR1-mediated serosal uptake of iron and misprogramming of the iron absorptive cells. Contrasting this view, Hfe deficiency causes inappropriately low expression of the hepatic iron hormone hepcidin, which causes increased duodenal iron absorption. We specifically ablated Hfe expression in mouse enterocytes using Cre/LoxP technology. Mice with efficient deletion of Hfe in crypt- and villi-enterocytes maintain physiologic iron metabolism with wild-type unsaturated iron binding capacity, hepatic iron levels, and hepcidin mRNA expression. Furthermore, the expression of genes encoding the major intestinal iron transporters is unchanged in duodenal Hfe-deficient mice. Our data demonstrate that intestinal Hfe is dispensable for the physiologic control of systemic iron homeostasis under steady state conditions. These findings exclude a primary role for duodenal Hfe in the pathogenesis of HH and support the model according to which Hfe is required for appropriate expression of the "iron hormone" hepcidin which then controls intestinal iron absorption.

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    ABSTRACT: To determine the regulation of human hepcidin (HAMP) and mouse hepcidin (hepcidin-1 and hepcidin-2) gene expression in the liver by apoptosis using in vivo and in vitro experimental models.
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    ABSTRACT: Dietary iron absorption regulation is one of the key steps for the maintenance of the body iron homeostasis. HFE gene expression undergoes a complex post-transcriptional alternative splicing mechanism through which two alternative transcripts are originated and translated to a soluble HFE protein isoform (sHFE). The first purpose of this study was to determine if sHFE transcript levels respond to different iron conditions in duodenal and macrophage cell models. In addition, we aimed to determine the functional effect of the sHFE protein on the expression of iron metabolism-related genes in a duodenal cell model as well as, in vivo, in duodenum biopsy samples. Levels of sHFE transcripts were measured in HuTu-80, Caco-2, HT-29 and activated THP1 cells, after holo-Tf stimulus, and in total RNA from duodenum biopsies of functional dyspepsia patients. Also, the expression of several iron metabolism-related genes was determined after endogenous and exogenous overexpression of sHFE protein in a duodenal cell model. sHFE endocytosis mechanism was studied using endocytosis inhibitors. Our results showed that sHFE transcript expression was up-regulated after holo-Tf stimuli. Hephaestin and duodenal cytochrome b expressions were down-regulated by both endogenous HFE and sHFE proteins in a duodenal cell model. Exogenous sHFE was able to down-regulate hephaestin mRNA levels by a clathrin-independent, dynamin-mediated, and RhoA-regulated endocytosis mechanism. Moreover, HEPH levels negatively correlated with sHFE levels in the duodenum of functional dyspepsia patients. Thus, sHFE seems to be an important iron metabolism regulator playing a role in the control of dietary iron absorption in the duodenum.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease 07/2014; 1842(11). DOI:10.1016/j.bbadis.2014.07.017 · 5.09 Impact Factor

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