Risk factors and clinical impact of postoperative symptomatic venous thromboembolism

University of Michigan School of Medicine Section of Vascular Surgery, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
Journal of Vascular Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.98). 02/2007; 45(2):335-341; discussion 341-2. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvs.2006.10.034
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Although common risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) are well known, little data exist concerning the clinical impact of VTE in postoperative patients outside of controlled studies. This study evaluated prospective perioperative demographic and clinical variables associated with occurrence of postoperative symptomatic VTE.
Demographic and clinical data were collected on surgical patients undergoing nine common general, vascular, and orthopedic operations presenting to the Veterans Health Administration Hospitals between 1996 and 2001 as part of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP). The association between covariates and the incidence of postoperative symptomatic VTE (includes deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism) was assessed using bivariable and multivariable regression.
Complete demographic and clinical information for analysis were available for 75,771 patients. The mean patient age was 65 years, and 96.6% were men. Major comorbidities included diabetes mellitus (DM), 25%; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), 18.3%; and congestive heart failure (CHF), 3.9%. Symptomatic VTE was diagnosed in 805 patients (0.68%), varied significantly with procedure (0.14% for carotid endarterectomy vs 1.34% for total hip arthroplasty), and was associated with increased 30-day mortality (16.9% vs 4.4%, P < .0001). The incidence of VTE did not decline substantially between 1996 and 2001 (0.72% vs 0.68%). Preoperative factors associated with symptomatic VTE were older age, male gender, corticosteroid use, COPD, recent weight loss, disseminated cancer, low albumin, and low hematocrit (all P < .01) but not DM. Postoperative factors associated with VTE were myocardial infarction (MI), blood transfusion (>4 units), coma, pneumonia, and urinary tract infection (UTI), whereas those with hemodialysis-dependent renal failure were less likely to experience VTE (all P < .01). In multivariable analysis, adjusting for age and the variables significant by bivariable analysis, the strongest positive predictors of symptomatic VTE included UTI (odds ratio [OR], 1.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.3 to 2.5), acute renal insufficiency (OR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.1 to 3.2), postoperative transfusion (OR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.4 to 3.7), perioperative MI (OR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.5 to 3.9), and pneumonia (OR, 2.7; 95% CI, 2.1 to 3.5). In contrast, hemodialysis (OR, 0.3; 95% CI, 0.07 to 0.71), DM (OR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.61 to 0.93), and higher preoperative albumin levels (OR, 0.8; 95% CI, 0.74 to 0.96, per mg/dL change) were protective from symptomatic VTE.
Although the overall incidence of symptomatic VTE is low in surgical patients, it is associated with significantly increased 30-day mortality. In addition to previously recognized risk factors, patients who have postoperative complications of an infectious nature, bleeding, or MI are at particular risk.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Symptomatic pre-discharge venous thromboembolism (VTE) rates after total or partial hip or knee arthroplasty have been proposed as patient safety indicators. However, assessing only pre-discharge VTE rates may be suboptimal for quality measurement as the duration of stay is relatively short and the VTE risk extends beyond the inpatient setting.
    The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 09/2014; 96(17):1476-84. DOI:10.2106/JBJS.M.01248 · 4.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our objective is to show the number of patients with postoperative pulmonary thromboembolism (PPTE) treated in Intensive care unit of Clinic for pulmonary diseases an TB "Podhrastovi" in three-year period : from June 1, 2011 - June 1, 2014 and to indicate the importance of various surgical operations in the development of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). This is the retrospective study which shows the number of patients with PPTE treated in Intensive care unit of Clinic for pulmonary diseases an TB "Podhrastovi" in three-year period : from 01.06.2011.-01.06.2014. It represents the number of these patients, per cent of patients with PPTE of total patients with PTE, age and sex of patients, type of surgery, period expressed in days from surgery to diagnosis of PTE, presence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of lower extremities, massiveness of PPTE e.g. level of pulmonary artery with embolus. In three-year period 232 patients with PTE were treated in Intensive care unit of Clinic "Podhrastovi". 60 of them or 25.86% were patients with 24 males or 40% middle-aged 58.5 years, and 36 females or 60% middle-aged 56.3 years. PPTE developed in 15 patients with abdominal, 11 with urologic, 8 with gynecologic, 15 with orthopedic, 4 with cardiologic, 2 with vascular, 3 with neurosurgical, 1 with glandular and 1 with orl operations. The average period from operation to diagnosis of PPTE was 10.5 days for women, and 13.8 days for men. Only two patients had acute DVT after operation (one man and one woman), and five had amnesias of previous DVT or PTE. The level or the site of pulmonary embolus was different from segmental to main branches of pulmonary artery. Different surgical operations are the big risk factor for the development of PTE. There is great significance of anticoagulant prophylaxis before surgery even in patients with no anamnesis of previous DVT or PTE.
    Materia Socio Medica 10/2014; 26(5):303-5. DOI:10.5455/msm.2014.26.303-305
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Data directly comparing the perioperative complication rates between total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) are limited.
    Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.] 08/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jse.2014.04.008 · 1.93 Impact Factor


Available from