HPV16-E6 mRNA is superior to cytokeratin 19 mRNA as a molecular marker for the detection of disseminated tumour cells in sentinel lymph nodes of patients with cervical cancer by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR

Frauenklinik der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Jena, Germany.
International Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.01). 05/2007; 120(9):1842-6. DOI: 10.1002/ijc.22521
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT About 10-15% of patients with cervical cancer suffer from recurrence despite histologically negative lymph nodes (pN0). Occult micrometastases or small tumour cell clusters may contribute to disease outcome. The aim of this study was to compare at the RNA level 2 known tumour-associated genes, HPV16-E6 and cytokeratin 19 (CK19), as molecular markers for the detection of disseminated tumour cells. Real-time reverse transcription PCR technology was used to quantify gene expression in histologically positive and negative sentinel lymph nodes (SLN) from 70 patients with cervical cancer. Lymph nodes from noncancer patients were used as controls. Calculated copy numbers were normalised to the geometric average of the most stable housekeeping genes. We observed a good correlation (R = 0.915) between the expression of both markers in SLN with histologically confirmed metastases. However, marker gene expression differed considerably in histologically negative nodes: CK19 transcripts were detected in 90 of 112 SLN (80.4%), whereas only 38 nodes (33.9%) were positive for HPV16 E6 mRNA. In particular, 62 of 74 SLN, which were negative by histology, and HPV16 E6 mRNA expressed CK19 mRNA. Moreover, 8 of 10 lymph nodes from noncancer patients expressed CK19 mRNA. Systematic errors due to RNA degradation or incomplete cDNA could be ruled out. It is concluded that HPV16 E6 mRNA is more specific and more sensitive for the detection of tumour cells in SLN than CK19 mRNA. The specificity of CK19 is limited because of low level expression in uninvolved pelvic lymph nodes.

Download full-text


Available from: Mieczyslaw Gajda, May 01, 2015
  • Source
    • "Only one showed expression of KRT19 transcripts , and its expression was at a very low level. On the other hand, Häfner et al. and Yuan et al. reported that HPV 16 E6 and SCCA mRNAs, respectively, were more suitable for the detection of tumor cells in SLNs from cervical cancer patients than KRT19 mRNA [22] [38]. They concluded that the KRT19 mRNA marker was expressed in normal LNs and was therefore not suitable for molecular detection of micrometastatic cervical cancer. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of the one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) assay using cytokeratin (CK) 19 (KRT19) messenger RNA (mRNA) for the detection of sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastases in cervical cancer patients. To determine a cutoff value, KRT19 mRNA was assessed by OSNA assay using 239 lymph nodes (LNs) (217 histopathologically negative LNs and 22 positive LNs). A cutoff value was determined by statistical analysis of the copy numbers obtained by OSNA assay. Subsequently, performance evaluation of the OSNA assay (applying the cutoff value above) on 130 SLNs (32 patients) was used to investigate (through concordance) whether the OSNA assay exhibited diagnostic performance equivalent to the two-mm interval histopathological examination. Two hundred fifty copies/μL of KRT19 mRNA in the OSNA assay appeared to be an optimal cutoff value. In performance evaluation of the OSNA assay, we identified five positive SLNs and 125 negative SLNs by OSNA assay using KRT19 mRNA, exhibiting 96.2% agreement with two-mm interval histopathological examination. Our results indicated that the KRT19 mRNA OSNA assay can detect LN metastases as accurately as two-mm interval histopathological examination and thus may be an effective additional or alternative method for rapid intra-operative examination of SLNs in cervical cancer.
    Gynecologic Oncology 06/2013; 130(3). DOI:10.1016/j.ygyno.2013.06.027 · 3.69 Impact Factor
  • Pathology Case Reviews 01/2008; 13(3):114-118. DOI:10.1097/PCR.0b013e318177e26f
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Integration of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA into the host genome is a frequent event in cervical carcinogenesis and is reported to occur at randomly selected chromosomal sites. However, as the databases are being up-dated continuously, the knowledge based on sequenced viral integration sites also expands. In this study, viral-cellular fusion transcripts of a preselected group of 74 cervical carcinoma or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN3) biopsies harboring integrated HPV16, HPV18, HPV31, HPV33, or HPV45 DNA were amplified by 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends PCR and sequenced. Consistent with previous reports, integration sites were found to be distributed throughout the genome. However, 23% (17 of 74) of the integration sites were located within the cytogenetic bands 4q13.3, 8q24.21, 13q22.1, and 17q21, in clusters ranging from 86 to 900 kb. Of note is that clusters 8q24.21 and 13q22.1 are within 1.5 Mbp of an adjacent fragile site whereas clusters 4q13.3 and 17q21 are >15 Mbp distant to any known fragile sites. It is tempting to speculate that as yet unknown fragile sites may be identified on the basis of HPV integration hotspots. No correlation between HPV type and specific integration loci was found. Of 74 fusion transcripts, 28 contained cellular sequences, which were homologous to known genes, and 40 samples contained sequences of predicted genes. In 33 fusion transcripts, both viral and cellular sequences were in sense orientation, indicating that the gene itself or upstream sequences were affected by integration. These data suggest that the influence of HPV integration on host gene expression may not be a rare effect and should encourage more detailed analyses.
    Cancer Research 05/2008; 68(7):2514-22. DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-07-2776 · 9.28 Impact Factor
Show more