Topical iodine facilitates transdermal delivery of insulin.

Department of Clinical Pharmacology and School of Pharmacy, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel.
Journal of Controlled Release (Impact Factor: 7.26). 05/2007; 118(2):185-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2006.12.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Transdermal delivery of insulin is a non-invasive alternative to the subcutaneous injection of insulin in diabetic patients. It has been found that skin pretreatment with iodine followed by a dermal application of insulin results in reduced glucose and elevated hormone levels in the plasma. Topical iodine protects the dermally applied insulin presumably by inactivation of endogenous sulfhydryls such as glutathione and gamma glutamylcysteine which can reduce the disulfide bonds of the hormone. Thus, the effect of iodine is mediated by retaining the potency of the hormone during its penetration via the skin into the circulation. The proposed procedure might be applicable for additional disulfide-containing peptides such as calcitonin, somatostatin, oxytocin/vasopressin and their analogs.

1 Follower
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Proteins and peptides are increasingly important therapeutics for the treatment of severe and complex diseases like cancer or autoimmune diseases due to their high specificity and potency. Their unique structure and labile physicochemical properties, however, require special attention in the production and formulation process as well as during administration. Aside from conventional systemic injections, the topical application of proteins and peptides is an appealing alternative due to its non-invasive nature and thus high acceptance by patients. For this approach, soft matter nanocarriers are interesting delivery systems which offer beneficial properties such as high biocompatibility, easiness of modifications, as well as targeted drug delivery and release. This review aims to highlight and discuss technological developments in the field of soft matter nanocarriers for the delivery of proteins and peptides via the skin, the eye, the nose, and the lung, and to provide insights in advantages, limitations, and practicability of recent advances.
    Biotechnology Advances 01/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.biotechadv.2015.01.010 · 8.91 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study deals with the development of transferosomal gel containing insulin by reverse phase evaporation method for painless insulin delivery for use in the treatment of insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. The effect of independent process variables like ratio of lipids (soya lecithin:cholesterol), ratio of lipids and surfactants, and ratio of surfactants (Tween 80:sodium deoxycholate) on the in vitro permeation flux (μg/cm(2)/h) of formulated transferosomal gels containing insulin through porcine ear skin was optimized using 2(3) factorial design. The optimal permeation flux was achieved as 13.50 ± 0.22 μg/cm(2)/h with drug entrapment efficiency of 56.55 ± 0.37% and average vesicle diameter range, 625-815 nm. The in vitro insulin permeation through porcine ear skin from these transferosomal gel followed zero-order kinetics (R (2) = 0.9232-0.9989) over a period of 24 h with case-II transport mechanism. The in vitro skin permeation of insulin from optimized transferosomal gel by iontophoretic influence (with 0.5 mA/cm(2) current supply) also provided further enhancement of permeation flux to 17.60 ± 0.03 μg/cm(2)/h. The in vivo study of optimized transferosomal gel in alloxan-induced diabetic rat has demonstrated prolonged hypoglycemic effect in diabetic rats over 24 h after transdermal administration.
    Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal 10/2012; 20(4):355-63. DOI:10.1016/j.jsps.2012.02.001 · 1.00 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: With view to develop an amphoteric charged membrane for drug delivery, we have studied the adsorption of insulin on it. In the present study, the amphoteric charged membranes were prepared by pore-surface modification of porous poly(acrylonitrile) (PAN) membranes by grafting with acrylic acid (AAc) and/or N,N-(dimethylamino)propyl acrylamide (DMAPAA). Their surface charge properties and the insulin adsorption behaviors were investigated by zeta potential measurement and UV spectrophotoscopy, respectively, at different pHs. The equilibrium adsorbed amount of insulin correlates well with the charge properties of the membranes and insulin, which indicates that electrostatic interaction played an important role in the insulin adsorption. In addition, adsorption kinetics changed from a Fickian mode to a non-Fickian one when adsorbed amount increased to very high values.
    Polymer Journal 07/2008; 40(9):837-841. DOI:10.1295/polymj.PJ2008093 · 1.55 Impact Factor