Early glaucoma detection using the Humphrey Matrix Perimeter, GDx VCC, Stratus OCT, and retinal nerve fiber layer photography.
ABSTRACT To compare the effectiveness of Humphrey Matrix perimetry, GDx VCC, Stratus OCT, and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) photography using the Heidelberg Retina Angiograph 1 (HRA1) for early glaucoma detection.
Cross-sectional comparative study.
Seventy-two primary open-angle glaucoma patients with early-stage visual field defects and 48 healthy controls were included.
Measurements using Humphrey Matrix perimetry, GDx VCC, Stratus OCT, and RNFL photography using HRA1, as well as standard automated perimetry, were obtained. We constructed receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for all available parameters and calculated the area under the ROC curves (AUC) to seek the best discriminating parameter of each test. Subsequently, the ROC curves were calculated for the combinations of the best discriminating parameters of each test to seek the most effective combination for early glaucoma detection.
The AUC for various parameters of Humphrey Matrix perimetry, GDx VCC, Stratus OCT, and RNFL photography using HRA1.
The AUCs of Humphrey Matrix perimetry, GDx VCC, Stratus OCT, and RNFL photography using HRA1 with the best discriminating parameter were 0.990, 0.906, 0.794, and 0.751, respectively. The AUC of the following best combination was 0.972, more than 5 points depressed below the level of 5% on the pattern deviation plot from Humphrey Matrix perimetry, and the nerve fiber indicator was larger than 20 from GDx VCC.
The AUC of the Humphrey Matrix perimetry was greater than that of the GDx VCC, Stratus OCT, and RNFL photography using HRA1.
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ABSTRACT: Though a newly developed spectral domain OCT is at the center of interests for many ophthalmologic researchers and clinicians, its own characteristics are not fully evaluated yet. The main purpose of this study was to establish the adjusted color probability codes for peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in healthy Koreans and to compare them with original color codes provided by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). Two hundred ninety-five healthy Korean eyes were enrolled and their peripapillary RNFL thickness was measured by Cirrus OCT. For each decade of age, the normal thickness reference was determined on the basis of z-scores and the adjusted color probability codes were established. Then the agreements between adjusted and original color codes were calculated using weighted Kappa (Kw) coefficient. On the basis of Kw coefficient, the overall agreement between the adjusted and original probability color codes was not excellent (Kw range of 0.500 to 0.806). If the adjusted probability codes were assumed as a standard of comparison, the original color codes showed the false-negative in 11% of eyes and the false-positive in 0.3% of eyes for average RNFL thickness. Adjusted color probability codes judged by the Korean normative data showed a discrepancy with original codes. It implies that normal reference and adjusted probability codes for each ethnicity might be needed to determine whether a certain RNFL thickness is within normal range or not.BMC Ophthalmology 03/2014; 14(1):38. DOI:10.1186/1471-2415-14-38 · 1.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Glaucoma is an acquired progressive optic neuropathy which is characterized by changes in the optic nerve head and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL). White-on-white perimetry is the gold standard for the diagnosis of glaucoma. However, it can detect defects in the visual field only after the loss of as many as 40% of the ganglion cells. Hence, the measurement of RNFL thickness has come up. Optical coherence tomography and scanning laser polarimetry (SLP) are the techniques that utilize the evaluation of RNFL for the evaluation of glaucoma. SLP provides RNFL thickness measurements based upon the birefringence of the retinal ganglion cell axons. We have reviewed the published literature on the use of SLP in glaucoma. This review elucidates the technological principles, recent developments and the role of SLP in the diagnosis and monitoring of glaucomatous optic neuropathy, in the light of scientific evidence so far.Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 11/2014; 62(11):1045-1055. DOI:10.4103/0301-4738.146707 · 0.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Moorfields Motion Displacement Test (MMDT; Enhanced Standard Threshold Algorithm [ESTA] version 1, London, UK) is a new 31-point suprathreshold test for visual field assessment using moving line stimuli displayed on a standard laptop computer. This study evaluated the diagnostic performance of the MMDT for discriminating between healthy eyes and eyes with glaucoma. Evaluation of diagnostic technology. Seventy-eight subjects with glaucoma and 348 healthy subjects. All participants underwent a standardized ophthalmologic examination, including the MMDT and Heidelberg Retina Tomography (HRT; Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) scanning of the optic disc. The diagnosis of glaucoma was based on clinical examination with glaucomatous optic neuropathy defined by the presence of neuroretinal rim thinning, notching or excavation of the cup, cup-to-disc asymmetry between eyes of 0.25 or more, nerve fiber layer thinning (focal or diffuse), or a combination thereof; and HRT-based Moorfields Regression Analysis (MRA) results of outside normal limits in any sector. Normal eyes were defined as clinically having healthy neuroretinal rims and an MRA analysis of within normal limits in all sectors. The MMDT used a Pandora response version of the ESTA without optical correction. Subjects with a false-positive response of 15% or more in MMDT were excluded. The performance of the global probability of true damage (global PTD) for diagnosing glaucoma was assessed by sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). The global PTD was calculated as a sum of individual PTD values, ranging from 0% to 100% for all 31 visual locations, and was expressed as a quotient of 100. Seventy-eight subjects with glaucoma (mean age, 66.6±13.1 years; male gender, 55.1%) and 348 healthy subjects (mean age, 55.2±9.2 years; male gender, 35.3%) were analyzed. The AUC for the global PTD was 0.930 (95% confidence interval, 0.893-0.967) for diagnosing glaucoma. At 85% specificity, the MMDT demonstrated a sensitivity of 88.5%. This decreased to 83.3% at 95% specificity. At the global PTD cutoff point value of 2.0, the sensitivity was 85.9% and the specificity was 94.5%. The suprathreshold MMDT showed good diagnostic performance for diagnosing glaucoma when glaucoma was defined by a structural criterion. The author(s) have no proprietary or commercial interest in any materials discussed in this article.Ophthalmology 10/2013; 121(1). DOI:10.1016/j.ophtha.2013.08.036 · 6.17 Impact Factor