The interaction of two tethering factors, p115 and COG complex, is required for Golgi integrity.
ABSTRACT The vesicle-tethering protein p115 functions in endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi trafficking. We explored the function of homologous region 2 (HR2) of the p115 head domain that is highly homologous with the yeast counterpart, Uso1p. By expression of p115 mutants in p115 knockdown (KD) cells, we found that deletion of HR2 caused an irregular assembly of the Golgi, which consisted of a cluster of mini-stacked Golgi fragments, and gathered around microtubule-organizing center in a microtubule-dependent manner. Protein interaction analyses revealed that p115 HR2 interacted with Cog2, a subunit of the conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex that is known another putative cis-Golgi vesicle-tethering factor. The interaction between p115 and Cog2 was found to be essential for Golgi ribbon reformation after the disruption of the ribbon by p115 KD or brefeldin A treatment and recovery by re-expression of p115 or drug wash out, respectively. The interaction occurred only in interphase cells and not in mitotic cells. These results strongly suggested that p115 plays an important role in the biogenesis and maintenance of the Golgi by interacting with the COG complex on the cis-Golgi in vesicular trafficking.
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ABSTRACT: Protein sorting between eukaryotic compartments requires vesicular transport, wherein tethering provides the first contact between vesicle and target membranes. Here we map and start to functionally analyse the interaction network of the conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex that mediates retrograde tethering at the Golgi. The found interactions of COG's subunits with members of transport factor families assign the individual subunits as specific interaction hubs. Functional analysis of selected interactions suggests a mechanistic tethering model. We find that the COG complex interacts with two different Rabs in addition to each end of the golgin "TATA element modulatory factor" (TMF). This allows COG to potentially bridge the distance between the golgin's distal end and the target membrane thereby promoting tighter docking. Concurrently we show that the central portion of TMF can bind to Golgi membranes that are liberated of their COPI cover. This latter interaction could serve to bring vesicle and target membranes into close apposition prior to fusion. A target selection mechanism, in which a hetero-oligomeric tethering factor organises Rabs and coiled transport factors to enable protein sorting specificity, could be applicable to vesicle targeting throughout eukaryotic cells.Journal of Biological Chemistry 12/2012; · 4.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The central organelle within the secretory pathway is the Golgi apparatus, a collection of flattened membranes organized into stacks. The cisternal maturation model of intra-Golgi transport depicts Golgi cisternae that mature from cis to medial to trans by receiving resident proteins, such as glycosylation enzymes via retrograde vesicle-mediated recycling. The conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex, a multi-subunit tethering complex of the complexes associated with tethering containing helical rods family, organizes vesicle targeting during intra-Golgi retrograde transport. The COG complex, both physically and functionally, interacts with all classes of molecules maintaining intra-Golgi trafficking, namely SNAREs, SNARE-interacting proteins, Rabs, coiled-coil tethers, vesicular coats, and molecular motors. In this report, we will review the current state of the COG interactome and analyze possible scenarios for the molecular mechanism of the COG orchestrated vesicle targeting, which plays a central role in maintaining glycosylation homeostasis in all eukaryotic cells.Histochemie 07/2013; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Docking and fusion of transport vesicles/carriers with the target membrane involve a tethering factor-mediated initial contact followed by SNARE-catalyzed membrane fusion. The multisubunit tethering CATCHR family complexes (Dsl1, COG, exocyst, and GARP complexes) share very low sequence homology among subunits despite likely evolving from a common ancestor and participate in fundamentally different membrane trafficking pathways. Yeast Tip20, as a subunit of the Dsl1 complex, has been implicated in retrograde transport from the Golgi apparatus to the endoplasmic reticulum. Our previous study showed that RINT-1, the mammalian counterpart of yeast Tip20, mediates the association of ZW10 (mammalian Dsl1) with endoplasmic reticulum-localized SNARE proteins. In the present study, we show that RINT-1 is also required for endosome-to-trans-Golgi network trafficking. RINT-1 uncomplexed with ZW10 interacts with the COG complex, another member of the CATCHR family complex, and regulates SNARE complex assembly at the trans-Golgi network. This additional role for RINT-1 may in part reflect adaptation to the demand for more diverse transport routes from endosomes to the trans-Golgi network in mammals compared with those in a unicellular organism, yeast. The present findings highlight a new role of RINT-1 in coordination with the COG complex.Molecular biology of the cell 07/2013; · 5.98 Impact Factor