Article

An association of intrusive, repetitive phrases with lamotrigine treatment in bipolar II disorder.

Bipolar Disorder Research Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.
CNS spectrums (Impact Factor: 1.3). 03/2007; 12(2):106-11.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Bipolar disorder is frequently associated with obsessional symptoms. However, no reports have identified a pattern of obsessionality that is associated with a specific mood stabilizer treatment.
A chart review was conducted on five patients with bipolar II disorder who spontaneously reported a form of obsessionality characterized by intrusive, recurrent phrases after taking lamotrigine.
Development of the phrases occurred from 7-42 years after mood disorder onset and occurred only after initiation of lamotrigine treatment. The phrases improved with lamotrigine discontinuation or dose reduction and recurred with lamotrigine re-challenge or upon dose escalation.
A possible mechanism for the development of the intrusive phrases involves the influence of lamotrigine on glutamatergic regulation in a bipolar II disorder population vulnerable to the expression of obsessionality. Limitations of this report include its observational nature, small number of cases reported, and confound of concomitant medication use.

1 Follower
 · 
76 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Antiepileptic drugs are prescribed to patients of all ages and are commonly prescribed to patients over the age of 65. When prescribing these drugs to patients of this age bracket, treatment should be based not only on the diagnosis and seizure type but also on the propensity of the drugs for adverse effects and their drug-drug interactions. AREAS COVERED: This article reviews antiepileptic drugs currently used for treating the elderly and highlights the adverse effects and potential drug-drug interactions for these treatments. The article was complied through literature searches of the Cochrane database of systematic reviews, MEDLINE and SCindeks. EXPERT OPINION: In elderly patients who have hepatic diseases, antiepileptic drugs that are not metabolized in the liver, such as levetiracetam, are preferred; in patients with moderate and severe renal failure, carbamazepine and valproic acid are the preferred antiepileptic drugs. Phenytoin, fosphenytoin, carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine and lamotrigine should not be prescribed in elderly patients with cardiac conduction abnormalities or a history of ventricular arrhythmia. While the majority of antiepileptic drugs interact with other drugs, hepatic enzymes and plasma proteins, a few newer antiepileptic drugs are free from such interactions (e.g., gabapentin, levetiracetam and tiagabine), which make them suitable candidates for elderly patients. However, in order to make further recommendations regarding the choice and dosing regimens of antiepileptic drugs in elderly patients, more extensive clinical research in this specific population is necessary.
    Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism &amp Toxicology 12/2011; 8(1):81-91. DOI:10.1517/17425255.2012.645535 · 2.93 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Compulsive gambling is recognized with Parkinson's disease treatment with dopamine agonists but has not been reported with antiepileptic medications (AEMs) in epilepsy. This is the first report regarding possible compulsive gambling, provoked by AEMs in a patient with idiopathic generalized epilepsy, who presented with nonconvulsive status epilepticus, having previously not achieved seizure control with carbamazepine, valproate, (VPA), topiramate, gabapentin (GPT), lamotrigine (LTG), and clobazam. Levetiracetam (LEV) was added to VPA and GPT, which the patient was already taking and LTG subsequently retrialed. Following the reintroduction of LTG, she lost $4000–5000, which she concealed. With better seizure control, VPA and GPT were withdrawn, leaving her on LEV and LTG. With increased LTG dosage, she lost $50,000, prompting discovery of her gambling.
    01/2014; 2:15–16. DOI:10.1016/j.ebcr.2013.11.002
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present 16-week double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial had the aim to explore the efficacy of lamotrigine add-on pharmacotherapy on clinical symptomatology and cognitive functioning in a sample of patients with treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) receiving serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs). After clinical and neurocognitive assessments, patients were randomly allocated to receive, in a double-blind design, 100 mg/day of lamotrigine or a placebo. A final sample of 33 patients completed the study. The results obtained indicate that lamotrigine added to stable SRI treatment substantially improved obsessive-compulsive (Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale: obsessions, p < 0.0001; compulsions, p < 0.0001; total score, p < 0.0001), and affective symptoms (Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression p < 0.0001). Regarding cognitive functions, improvement was observed only in Semantic Fluency (p = 0.004). The findings provide evidence that lamotrigine augmentation of SRI treatment is well tolerated and may be proposed as an effective therapeutic strategy to improve outcome in treatment-resistant OCD.
    Journal of Psychopharmacology 02/2012; 26(11):1456-62. DOI:10.1177/0269881111431751 · 2.81 Impact Factor