Socioeconomic differences in the effects of prayer on physical symptoms and quality of life
ABSTRACT The extent to which religiosity is related to well-being may differ as a function of race/ethnicity, education or income. We asked 155 caregivers to complete measures of religiosity, prayer, physical symptoms and quality of life. Lower education and, to a lesser extent, lower income were correlated with religiosity and prayer. There were few direct relationships of religiosity and prayer with quality of life and health symptoms. However, the relationships became significant when education and, to a lesser degree, income were taken into account. Prayer was associated with fewer health symptoms and better quality of life among less educated caregivers.
SourceAvailable from: Joni Y Sasaki[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information: (2013): Uncertainty avoidance moderates the link between faith and subjective well-being around the world, The Journal of Positive Psychology: Dedicated to furthering research and promoting good practice, The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae, and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand, or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of this material.The Journal of Positive Psychology 01/2013; 8(3):242-248. DOI:10.1080/17439760.2013.781207 · 1.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This paper presents findings of two studies that investigated coping with physical disability within the multivariate transactional model of stress. In the first study, 30 persons with locomotor disability were interviewed to explore the nature of stressors and coping strategies. In the second study, five scales were administered on a sample of 120 persons with locomotor disability to investigate the role of personal and situational variables in determining the extent of perceived distress and its relationship with coping. The manner in which anāsakti and positive life orientation moderated the relationship between perceived distress and coping was also investigated. The findings revealed that the major stressors which led to distress were ego related stressors, inability to fulfill traditional gender roles, problems in interpersonal relationships with family and others, physical barriers and deformed body image. Education was found to be the strongest predictor of perceived distress and problem focused coping was significantly related to lower levels of distress. Moderation analyses showed that with stronger belief in the philosophy of anāsakti and higher positive life orientation, lower levels of distress was strongly related to problem focused coping. The implications of these findings for psycho-social rehabilitation of persons with physical disability are discussed.Psychology & Developing Societies 01/2011; 23(2):177-209.