Nano-level detection of naltrexone hydrochloride in its pharmaceutical preparation at Au microelectrode in flowing solutions by fast fourier transforms continuous cyclic voltammetry as a novel detector.
ABSTRACT An easy and fast Fourier transform continuous cyclic voltammetric technique for monitoring of ultra trace amounts of naltrexone in a flow-injection system has been introduced in this work. The potential waveform, consisting of the potential steps for cleaning, stripping and potential ramp, was continuously applied on an Au disk microelectrode (with a 12.5 microm in radius). The proposed detection method has some of advantages, the greatest of which are as follows: first, it is no more necessary to remove oxygen from the analyte solution and second, this is a very fast and appropriate technique for determination of the drug compound in a wide variety of chromatographic analysis methods. The method was linear over the concentration range of 0.34-34000 pg/mL (r = 0.9985) with a limit of detection 8.0 x 10(-4) nM. The method has the requisite accuracy, sensitivity, precision, and selectivity to assay naltrexone in tablets. The influences of pH of eluent, accumulation potential, sweep rate, and accumulation time on the determination of the naltrexone were considered.
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ABSTRACT: Electroanalysis is a powerful analytical technique that is increasing in utility in the pharmaceutical industry. It is used as an alternative or complementary technique to spectrophotometric and separation techniques due to its high sensitivity, speed of analysis, reduction in solvent and sample consumption, and low operating cost compared to other analytical methods. A review of the principles and application of modern electroanalytical techniques, namely, cyclic, linear sweep, differential pulse, square wave and stripping voltammetric techniques, is presented. This review gives recent pharmaceutical analysis applications used for each mode of electroanalytical chemistry. The review will also describe recent developments for enhancing concentration limits of detection, electrode types, and so forth. Selected studies on these subjects are given as examples.Analytical Letters 11/2011; 44(16):2644-2702. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Electroanalytical methods are chosen for the sensitive analysis of pharmaceutically active compounds in their dosage forms and biological samples. Electroanalytical method validation is the process used to confirm that the determination procedure employed for a specific test is suitable for its intended use like other analytical methods. Results from electroanalytical method validation can be used to judge the quality, applicability, accuracy, reliability and consistency of analytical results; it is an integral part of any analytical procedure. Also in electroanalytical drug analysis, important decisions are taken which are based on data obtained from real samples. Validation parameters help assure that the electroanalytical methods ensure the correct identity, strength, quality, accurate, precise, selective, robust and sensitive. A well-defined and well-documented validation process provides regulatory agencies with evidence that the system and method suitable for its intended use. Method validation is an essential component of the measures that a laboratory should implement to permit it to produce reliable electroanalytical data.The Open Analytical Chemistry Journal 01/2011; 511(1):1-21.
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ABSTRACT: EIS plots of the modified electrode in 3 mM K3Fe(CN)6 with 0.1 M KCl: (a) bare CILE (b) RGO/CILE and (c) RGO–CdS NPs/CILE.Talanta 01/2014; 127:94–99. · 3.50 Impact Factor