[Association of genetic polymorphisms in endothelial nitric oxide synthase 3 gene with recurrent early spontaneous abortion].
ABSTRACT To explore the association of nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3) gene variable number of tandem repeat(VNTR) polymorphism in intron 4 and an 894(G/T) mutation at exon 7 with recurrent early spontaneous abortion (RESA).
One hundred and forty RESA women (patient group) and 140 healthy women with at least 1 pregnancy and without a history of pregnancy complications (control group) were included. The genotypes of NOS3 gene VNTR polymorphism were determined by polymerase chain reaction and agarose gel electrophoresis. The 894(G/T) mutation of genotypes of NOS3 gene at exon 7 was assessed by polymerase chain reaction-restrictive fragment length polymorphism.
The frequencies of aa and ba genotypes and a allele of NOS3 gene were higher in patient group than in control group (chi square: 4.51, P< 0.05; chi square: 4.29, P<0.05). The aa and ba genotypes were significantly associated with RESA (OR:1.8, 95% CI: 1.04-3.24). There was no significant difference in TT and GT genotypes and T allele of NOS3 gene between RESA patient group and control group (chi square: 1.16, P> 0.05; chi square:1.12, P> 0.05). 894(G/T) polymorphism may be not associated with RESA.
The genetic polymorphism of NOS3 gene 27 bp VNTR was associated with RESA. The genetic polymorphism of NOS3 gene 894(G/T) may be not associated with RESA. These results support that a allele of the NOS3 gene may be susceptibility allele.
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ABSTRACT: Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized from L-arginine by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) encoded by the eNOS gene on chromosome 7. The effects of the eNOS polymorphisms with the risk of spontaneous pregnancy losses are conflicting. In this study, we investigated the association of the eNOS genotypes with spontaneously aborted embryos in Koreans. Case-control studies were performed to evaluate the association between endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphisms and spontaneously aborted embryos. Ninety-nine spontaneously aborted fetuses at <20 weeks of gestational age and 103 child controls and 282 adult controls. Genotype frequency of three eNOS gene polymorphisms, −786T>C, VNTR in intron 4 (4a4b), and 894G>T in spontaneously aborted embryos was surveyed. The frequencies of −786TC and CC genotypes in aborted embryos were significantly higher than in both child and adult controls. The frequencies of 4a4a homozygote of VNTR polymorphism in intron 4 and TT homozygote of 894G>T polymorphisms were also higher in aborted embryos than in adult controls. Haploptype analysis suggested that −786T>C polymorphism was a possible risk factor for spontaneously aborted embryos. eNOS gene polymorphisms, −786T>C, VNTR in intron 4 (4a4b), and 894G>T, are associated with the risk of spontaneously aborted fetuses. KeywordsEndothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-spontaneously aborted embryos (SAE)-polymorphismGenes & genomics 01/2010; 32(3):283-288. · 0.50 Impact Factor