DNA vaccines expressing glycoprotein complex II antigens gM and gN elicited neutralizing antibodies against multiple human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) isolates.
ABSTRACT Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) glycoprotein complex II (gcII) consists of two glycoproteins, gM and gN. Although gcII specific IgG purified from HCMV positive patient sera can neutralize HCMV, there has been no report describing the generation of virus-neutralizing antibodies by immunization with individual recombinant gM or gN antigens. In the current study, gM and gN antigens were expressed by the mammalian expression vector pJW4303 and used as DNA vaccines to determine the immunogenicity of these proteins. Sera from mice or rabbits immunized with individual or combinations of gM and gN DNA vaccines contained gM and gN specific antibodies as confirmed by ELISA and Western blot analyses. The combined gM and gN antigens induced the strongest antibody responses that recognized both gM and gcII complex while gM DNA vaccine alone could only elicit antibody specific for gM antigen. When given alone, the gN DNA vaccine did not induce detectable gcII specific antibody even though in vitro gN expression was confirmed by the formation of gM/gN complex in FSK cells using a gN-specific monoclonal antibody 14-16A. The neutralizing antibody titer of anti-gM/gN sera (1:128) was higher than that of anti-gM sera (1:32) against the autologous virus, HCMV AD169. Heterologous HCMV strains including Towne and Davis could also be neutralized by the anti-gM/gN antisera. Our data supported the rationale for the use of the HCMV gM/gN protein complex as protective antigens for subunit based HCMV vaccine development. DNA vaccination is an effective approach to express the gM/gN antigen complex in vivo without the need to express and purify these highly insoluble and structurally complicated antigens.
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ABSTRACT: As a leading cause of congenital infection and a major threat to immunocompromised individuals, human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a major global public health concern. Effective HCMV vaccines would need to induce potent and balanced humoral and cellular immune responses. In this pilot study, immunogenicity studies were conducted in mice to examine HCMV antigen-specific antibody and T cell responses when a heterologous prime-boost immunization strategy was tested. DNA vaccines expressing either targets of protective antibody responses (gB and gM/gN) or well characterized T cell immunogens (pp65, pp150, and IE1) were used as the priming immunization while the live attenuated HCMV vaccine Towne strain was used as the boost, which may act like an inactivated vaccine due to the inability of HCMV to replicate in a mouse host. Our data indicate that while DNA vaccines were effective in priming HCMV-specific antibody responses, the final titers of gB- or gM-specific antibodies were not much different from those elicited by using multiple immunizations of HCMV alone. In contrast, DNA priming significantly enhanced T cell responses against gB, pp65, and IE1 as measured by IFN-γ. However, HCMV alone was not effective in eliciting strong T cell immune responses when used in a mouse host. Our data indicate that the complexity of antigen composition from a large virus, such as HCMV, may affect the profile of immune responses when viral vaccines are used as a boost.Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics. 07/2013; 9(10).
- Progress in Biochemistry and Biophysics 10/2009; 2009(2):220-227. · 0.29 Impact Factor
Article: DNA immunization.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: DNA immunization was discovered in early 1990s, and its use has been expanded from vaccine studies to a broader range of biomedical research areas, such as the generation of high-quality polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies as research reagents. In this unit, three common DNA immunization methods are described: needle injection, electroporation, and gene gun. In addition, several common considerations related to DNA immunization are discussed. Curr. Protoc. Microbiol. 31:18.3.1-18.3.24. ©2013 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Current protocols in microbiology 01/2013; 31:18.3.1-18.3.24.