A suggestive association of Fuchs heterochromic cyclitis with cytotoxic T cell antigen 4 gene polymorphism

Institute for Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine 3, University Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erlangen, Germany.
Ophthalmic Research (Impact Factor: 1.38). 02/2007; 39(2):116-20. DOI: 10.1159/000099365
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Fuchs heterochromic cyclitis (FHC) is a chronic inflammatory eye disease, usually presenting as unilateral anterior uveitis. Up to date no disease susceptibility genes have been described for FHC.
The allele frequency of HLA DRB1 and DQB1, polymorphisms of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) alpha promoter region (-376, -308, -238), the promoter (-318), first exon (+49) and (AT)n repeat polymorphism of the cytotoxic T cell antigen 4 (CTLA4) gene were analysed in 44 FHC patients and 139 healthy controls.
The CTLA4 -318 C/T genotype was increased in FHC patients [odds ratio (OR) 3.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4-6.5], as well as long CTLA4 (AT)n microsatellite alleles with more than 16 AT repeats (OR 2.6, 95% CI 1.3-5.3). A trend towards the -308 G/A TNF-alpha genotype was found in the patient cohort, whereas no difference in HLA class II allele distribution was observed. Conclusion:CTLA4 but not TNF-alpha or HLA class II DRB1 and DQB1 may represent a candidate gene for disease susceptibility in FHC.

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