Effects of cefuroxime on human osteoblastsin vitro
Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Orthopedic Sports Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Germany.Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A (Impact Factor: 3.37). 08/2007; 82(2):462-8. DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.31158
The local application of antibiotics in bone cement achieves high local effective antibiotic concentrations. Cefuroxime is widely used for antibiotic prophylaxis in orthopedic surgery, and several reports highlighted a beneficial outcome if cefuroxime-impregnated bone cement was used, but there is a lack of information of direct cefuroxime effects on human bone cells. We, therefore, cultured osteoblasts, previously derived from human trabecular bone specimens and used as a cell-pool further on, with different concentrations of cefuroxime (0-1000 microg/mL) for 24, 48, or 72 h. For reversibility testing, osteoblasts were cultivated for 24 h with cefuroxime followed by 48 h without antibiotics. Cell proliferation (MTT), cytotoxicity (lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)-activity), cell metabolism (alkaline phosphatase (ALP)-activity), and extracellular matrix calcification (Alizarin staining) were assessed after antibiotic treatment. Cefuroxime concentrations of 25-100 microg/mL had little or no effect on cellular proliferation. Proliferation was significantly stimulated at 250 and 1000 microg/mL at each time. LDH-activity significantly increased at the highest concentration of 1000 microg/mL at 72 h. ALP-activity first increased at lower concentrations and then significantly decreased at 1000 microg/mL at 48 and 72 h. Similar to ALP-activity, calcification increased at lower concentrations and was not detectable at 1000 microg/mL. All revealed effects at 24 h were at least partially reversible. In the present study, we demonstrated that cefuroxime at lower concentrations had no inhibiting effects on human osteoblasts. In contrast, higher concentrations significantly altered osteoblastic function. When administered locally in total joint arthroplasty, for example, in antibiotic-impregnated bone cement, cefuroxime might critically impair osteoblastic function and periprosthetic bone metabolism.
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ABSTRACT: Clindamycin is an antibiotic frequently used in different local application forms for the treatment of prosthetic joint infections, chronic osteomyelitis or as infection prophylaxis in bone cement. No information is available regarding its direct effects on bone cells, although very high local effective antibiotic concentrations can be achieved. We cultured pooled osteoblasts, previously derived from human trabecular bone specimens of four healthy donors, with different concentrations of clindamycin (0-500 microg/ml) for 24, 48 and 72 h. Cell proliferation (MTT), cytotoxicity [lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)-activity], cell metabolism [alkaline phosphatase (ALP)-activity] and extracellular matrix calcification (Alizarin staining) were assessed after antibiotic treatment. Proliferation significantly decreased in a dose-dependent manner and reached 3.5% of control samples at 500 microg/ml at 72 h. LDH-activity was unaffected at lower concentrations but significantly increased at 500 microg/ml at 48 and 72 h. ALP-activity significantly increased at 10 microg/ml at 24 and 48 h and then decreased in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Calcification increased at 10 and 25 microg/ml, while it decreased or no calcification was found at concentrations of 50 microg/ml and above. We could demonstrate that clindamycin at lower concentrations stimulated the cell metabolism of human osteoblasts and that higher clindamycin levels of 500 microg/ml had cytotoxic effects. The observed effects of high clindamycin levels on human osteoblasts highlight a potential alteration of bone metabolism in vivo and have to be taken into account in local antibiotic administration, e.g., in clindamycin-impregnated bone cement, where such high antibiotic concentrations can be achieved.Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 04/2008; 128(3):317-23. DOI:10.1007/s00402-007-0561-y · 1.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Autologous bone graft is the golden standard for bone grafting, but little is known about the influence of various preservation techniques used during surgery immediately following harvest on the osseous structures and graft vitality. Several studies focussed on the optimal treatment of the bone during harvest and implantation, but only few examined the intraoperative storage conditions on the back table. The aim of our study was to examine the influence of various intraoperative preservation techniques on human cancellous bone at different points to optimize the storage during surgery. Cancellous bone was harvested during hip arthroplasty and stored for 2 and 4 h under dry conditions, inside a swab moistened with saline solution or in saline solution, 5% glucose solution or culture medium. After the storage period, the bone was cultured and examined 7 days after the first cells grew out in one of these groups. Following the identification of the cells as osteoblast-like cells, the cultures were analysed by fluorescence staining, cell count and the XTT-test. Fluorescence staining revealed no avital cells in all groups. Dry storage of the bone led to significantly lower cell metabolism after 2 h compared to saline solution and 5% glucose solution. The same was true after 4 h dry storage compared to the moistened swab, and glucose and culture medium. Cell count was significantly lower after 2 h of dry storage compared to saline solution and culture medium. Perioperative storage of cancellous bone under dry conditions should be avoided. The bone graft should be stored in saline or 5% glucose solution or a moistened swab.Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 05/2008; 128(9):1007-11. DOI:10.1007/s00402-008-0616-8 · 1.60 Impact Factor
Conference Paper: Prolong antibiotics release by encapsulating PLGA for hip prosthesis[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this study, encapsulating antibiotic loaded titanium alloy by polylactide-co-polyglycolide copolymer (PLGA) for preventing burst releasing and extending antibiotic releasing time will be make for potential future hip prosthesis with deep infection prevention ability. Antibiotics, vancomycin and cefuroxime, were used to measure their temporal release from titanium disc. The result by elution test showed non PLGA coated of antibiotic loaded groups was released at the first hour. For PLGA (85/15) coated groups, vancomycin could still be detected after 5 days, and cefuroxime groups extended the releasing period to at least 7 days.Bioengineering Conference, 2009 IEEE 35th Annual Northeast; 05/2009
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