Petasiphenone, a phenol isolated from Cimicifuga racemosa, in vitro inhibits proliferation of the human prostate cancer cell line LNCaP

Division of Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.
Planta Medica (Impact Factor: 2.34). 02/2007; 73(2):184-7. DOI: 10.1055/s-2006-957081
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Extracts of Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt. (syn.: Actaea racemosa L.) (CR) inhibit the proliferation of the human prostate cancer cell line LNCaP. Recently, the phenylpropanoid ester 3,4-dihydroxyphenacyl caffeate (petasiphenone, 1) was isolated from CR. This substance is a structural homologue to petasiphenol ([3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-oxopropyl caffeate]), a compound produced by Petasites japonicus Sieb. & Zucc. which inhibits the growth of various human leukemia cell lines. Because of the structural similarity, we examined whether 1 affects the proliferation of LNCaP cells and the secretion of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Under basal conditions as well as under co-incubation with 10 nM estradiol [E2 or 1 nM dihydrotestosterone (DHT)], 1 dose-dependently inhibited proliferation of LNCaP cells while PSA release per cell was not altered. We report for the first time that a defined compound isolated from CR inhibits the growth of the human prostate cancer cells LNCaP.

Download full-text


Available from: Adolf Nahrstedt, Jul 04, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Black cohosh is commonly used to treat hot flashes and other symptoms associated with menopause. It is thought to have multiple mechanisms of action, including potential phytoestrogenic properties. This has caused some concern about its use by patients with hormone-sensitive cancer. This paper will present the results of a systematic review of the safety and efficacy of black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa [L.] Nutt.) in patients with cancer. A critical assessment of clinical (n = 5) and preclinical (n = 21) studies of black cohosh and cancer (breast and prostate) to treat hot flashes and other related symptoms is presented. In addition, clinical studies, case reports, animal studies, and in vitro assessments of the safety of black cohosh for patients with hormonally sensitive cancers is summarized and interpreted. In general, the research assessing efficacy of black cohosh for the treatment of hot flashes in women with breast cancer is inconclusive. There is laboratory evidence of antiproliferative properties but no confirmation from clinical studies for a protective role in cancer prevention. Black cohosh seems to have a relatively good safety profile. Concerns about liver toxicity are inconclusive. With relevance to cancer patients, black cohosh also seems not to exhibit phytoestrogenic activity and is in fact possibly an inhibitor of tumor growth. The use of black cohosh appears to be safe in breast cancer patients without risk for liver disease, although further research is needed in this and other populations.
    Supportive Care Cancer 09/2007; 15(8):913-21. DOI:10.1007/s00520-007-0286-z · 2.50 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aceaea racemosa (formerly Cimicifuga racemosa, black cohosh, AR) extracts have been widely used as an alternative to hormonal replacement therapy for menopausal symptoms. Recent evidences suggest AR extracts are also effective in protecting against postmenopausal bone loss. To determine whether AR has any direct anabolic effect on osteoblasts, we investigated the ethanolic extract of AR on bone nodule formation in mouse MC3T3-E1 preosteoblast cells. AR did not stimulate osteoblast proliferation. Rather, at high doses of 1000 ng/mL for 48 h, AR suppressed (7.2+/-0.9% vs. control) osteoblast proliferation. At 500 ng/mL, a significant increase in bone nodule formation was seen with Von Kossa staining. Using quantitative PCR analysis, AR was shown to enhance the gene expression of runx2 and osteocalcin. Co-treatment with ICI 182,780, the selective estrogen receptor antagonist, abolished the stimulatory effect of AR on runx2 and osteocalcin gene induction, as well as on bone nodule formation in MC3T3-E1 cells. This is a first report of the direct effect of AR on enhancement of bone nodule formation in osteoblasts, and this action was mediated via an estrogen receptor-dependent mechanism. The results provide a scientific rationale at the molecular level for the claim that AR can offer effective prevention of postmenopausal bone loss.
    Bone 06/2008; 43(3):567-73. DOI:10.1016/j.bone.2008.04.018 · 4.46 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Black cohosh ( Actaea racemosa L., syn. Cimicifuga racemosa L.) is rich in both triterpene glycosides and polyphenols, which have various biological activities that may be important to its medical use. To evaluate the stability of the polyphenolic constituents and triterpene glycosides of black cohosh, experiments were conducted using three sample types: plant material, extracts of black cohosh, and encapsulated commercial extract. The samples were stored at various temperatures and humidity conditions. Three triterpene glycosides and six major polyphenols in black cohosh were quantitatively measured with an HPLC-PDA method at 0, 3, 6, and 9 weeks. The triterpene glycosides were stable at the tested conditions, whereas the polyphenols were stable only at room temperature and low humidity and not stable at higher temperature and/or humidity due to hydrolysis and/or oxidation. The rate of compound decomposition depended upon the chemical structure of the individual polyphenols. Polyphenols in the extracts decomposed more readily than those in plant material.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 10/2008; 56(20):9510-9. DOI:10.1021/jf802481w · 3.11 Impact Factor