Article

Strecker Degradation of Phenylalanine Initiated by 2,4-Decadienal or Methyl 13-Oxooctadeca-9,11-dienoate in Model Systems

Instituto de la Grasa, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Avenida Padre García Tejero 4, 41012 Seville, Spain.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (Impact Factor: 3.11). 03/2007; 55(4):1308-14. DOI: 10.1021/jf062838x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The reaction of 2,4-decadienal and methyl 13-oxooctadeca-9,11-dienoate with phenylalanine was studied to determine if alkadienals and ketodienes are able to produce the Strecker-type degradation of amino acids to the corresponding Strecker aldehydes. When reactions were carried out at 180 degrees C, both carbonyl compounds degraded phenylalanine to phenylacetaldehyde, among other compounds. The yield of the phenylacetaldehyde produced depended on the reaction pH and increased linearly with both the amount of the lipid and the reaction time. The yield of this conversion was approximately 8% when starting from decadienal and approximately 6% when starting from methyl 13-oxooctadeca-9,11-dienoate, and the reaction rate was lower for the ketone than for the aldehyde. Simultaneous to these reactions, the lipid was converted into pyrrole, pyridine, or aldehyde derivatives as a result of several competitive reactions. In particular, 9-14% of the decadienal was converted into hexanal under the assayed conditions. All these reactions are suggested to be produced as a consequence of the oxidation of the alkadienal or the ketodiene to the corresponding epoxyalkenal or unsaturated epoxyketone, which were identified in the reaction mixtures by GC-MS. All these results suggest that alkadienals and ketodienes, which are quantitatively important secondary lipid oxidation products, can degrade amino acids to their corresponding Strecker aldehydes. Therefore, under appropriate conditions, these products are not final products of the lipid oxidation and can participate in carbonyl-amine reactions analogously to other lipid oxidation products with two oxygenated functions.

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