Seroprevalence of dengue in Trinidad using rapid test kits: a cord blood survey.

Department of Biology, Smith College, Northampton, MA, USA.
Acta Tropica (Impact Factor: 2.79). 03/2007; 101(2):153-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2006.11.009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A cross-sectional sero-epidemiological study was conducted to determine the prevalence of dengue in Trinidad. Two commercial rapid test kits, PanBio Dengue Duo IgM and IgG Rapid Strip Test and the Bio-Check Plus Dengue G/M Cassette Test (Brittney) were used. The immunosorbent assay (ELISA) (FOCUS Technologies, California) was used as the control. One hundred and twenty five cord blood samples were collected (46 from Mt. Hope Women's Hospital (MH) and 79 from the San Fernando General Hospital (SF)). All blood samples were tested in accordance with the two rapid kits and ELISA assay manufacturer's instructions. From 125 cord blood samples, the IgG FOCUS ELISA results showed 93.5 and 95% infections at MH and SF, respectively. Whereas the Brittney and PanBio kits showed 10.9 and 5.1%, and 26.1 and 50.6% for MH and SF, respectively. Based on the FOCUS ELISA (control) assays, the combined seroprevalence rate from north and south Trinidad was 94.4%. IgG and IgM sensitivity and specificity levels were higher in the PanBio than Brittney test kits. The high seroprevalence rates observed in Trinidad are discussed to stimulate more research to explain this phenomenon and to prevent the Southeast Asian scenario from developing in the Americas.

  • Source
    Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 04/2007; 65 Suppl 3:117-21.
  • Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 05/2004; 98(3):305-12. · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A rapid (<7-min) immunochromatographic test for immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgG antibodies to dengue viruses was evaluated by using hospital admission and discharge sera from 124 patients. The reference laboratory diagnosis was based on the results of virus isolation, hemagglutination-inhibition assay (HAI), and enzyme immunoassay (EIA). By the standard assays, patients experienced primary dengue virus infection (n = 30), secondary dengue virus infection (n = 48), Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus infection (n = 20), or no flavivirus infection (n = 26). The rapid test demonstrated 100% sensitivity in the diagnosis of dengue virus infection and was able to distinguish between primary and secondary dengue virus infections through the separate determinations of IgM and IgG. For all patients with primary dengue virus infection a positive test for IgM to dengue virus and a negative test for IgG to dengue virus were obtained, whereas for 46 of 48 patients (96%) with secondary dengue virus infection, a positive test for IgG to dengue virus with or without a positive test for IgM to dengue virus was obtained. The remaining two patients with secondary dengue virus infection had positive IgM test results and negative IgG test results. Furthermore, the rapid test was positive for patients confirmed to be infected with different dengue virus serotypes (12 infected with dengue virus serotype 1, 4 infected with dengue virus serotype 2, 3 infected with dengue virus serotype 3, and 2 infected with dengue virus serotype 4). The specificity of the test for nonflavivirus infections was 88% (3 of 26 positive), while for JE virus infections the specificity of the test was only 50% (10 of 20). However, most patients with secondary dengue virus infection were positive for both IgM and IgG antibodies to dengue virus, while no patients with JE virus infection had this profile, so cross-reactivity was only a concern for a small proportion of patients with secondary dengue infections. The rapid test demonstrated a good correlation with the reference EIA and HAI and should be useful for the rapid diagnosis of dengue virus infections.
    Journal of Clinical Microbiology 01/1998; 36(1):234-8. · 4.07 Impact Factor