The prevalence of exercise-induced bronchospasm in soccer player children, ages 7 to 16 years.

Sports Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Iranian journal of allergy, asthma, and immunology (Impact Factor: 1.01). 04/2007; 6(1):33-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study represents an attempt to determine the prevalence of exercise-induced bronchospasm among soccer player children. A total of 234 soccer player boys of all soccer schools from Shahr-Rey enrolled in this study. They did not have any history of a recent or chronic respiratory tract disease, a history of allergic diseases, and history of bronchodilator drugs consumption during the 24 hours prior to the study. Pulmonary function test (PFT) was performed for each participant before exercise and 6 and 15 minutes after playing soccer. The diagnosis of EIB was by a decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) by at least 10% and in peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) by at least 15% with exercise challenge. If there was reduction in one parameter alone, the participants were considered as prone to EIB. Considering both FEV1 and PEFR the prevalence of EIB was 2.1% and 18.4% were prone to EIB. If FEV1 or PEFR tests were used as criteria for diagnosis of airway obstruction, the prevalence of EIB would be 6% and 15.8%, respectively. There was no significant difference between the post of players, family history of allergic disease and EIB in soccer players. This study suggests that at least 2.1% of soccer players will develop bronchospasm even if they do not have any history of asthma and allergy.

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    Journal of research in medical sciences 01/2012; · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of exercise induced asthma (EIA) in Iran is not known. In the present study the prevalence of EIA among female students of guidance school in the city of Mashhad was evaluated. A total of 1690 female students aged 12-14 years in ten randomly selected schools in north east of Iran (Mashhad) completed an asthma symptoms- specific questionnaire. One hundred forty four randomly selected students including 49 symptomatic and 95 asymptomatic cases participated in a 6 minutes free run test (until reaching 70-75% of MHR (maximum heart rate) for evaluating EIA. Pulmonary function tests (PFT) were measured before (baseline), immediately, 5 minutes and 15 minutes after exercise. The prevalence of asthma symptoms among the studied students was 12.54%. There was not significant difference in any of PFT values between asymptomatic and symptomatic students. The results of exercise test showed that totally 61.22% of symptomatic students responded to exercise test (their post-exercise PFT values decline more than 15%) while only 16.82% of asymptomatic students were responders to exercise (p<0.001). However, in both asymptomatic and symptomatic responder students, all PFT values declined significantly after exercise compared to baseline values (p<0.05 to p<0.001) and there was not any significant difference between two groups.The results showed that although higher number of symptomatic students showed EIA, some asymptomatic students also sowed EIA.
    Iranian journal of allergy, asthma, and immunology 12/2011; 10(4):273-9. · 1.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The morbidity and mortality of asthma have risen among children, especially those under 18, during the past 3 to 4 decades. There are various single studies in different target populations of Iran, which have reported different estimations. The present study designed in order to estimate a pooled prevalence among Iranian guidance school children. After searching for relevant articles in international and local databases from 1997 to 2009, we found 16 relevant articles and studies having the inclusion criteria. The outcome measure was the prevalence of asthma, and forest plot was used for presenting the findings of the meta-analysis. Heterogeneity between the studies was evaluated by the Cochran test. Moreover, the random effects model was used for estimation of pooled measures in Stata software (version 10). From all the entered studies, 10 articles were published in English and the rest in Persian language. The pooled estimates for females, males and both genders were calculated as 3.9% (95% CI: 3.2% - 4.6%), 5% (95% CI: 4.2% - 5.8%), and 4.4% (95% CI: 3.7% - 5.1%), respectively. The prevalence of asthma among Iranian children varied from 1.26% to 11.6%, which is possibly due to the difference in sex, ethnicity race, and socio-economic level of Iranian population. Also, the prevalence of asthma among Iranian guidance school children was lower in comparison to the other neighborhood countries.
    Journal of research in medical sciences 03/2012; 17(3):293-7. · 0.61 Impact Factor

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