Recurrence after total thyroidectomy for benign multinodular goiter
ABSTRACT Total thyroidectomy is now the preferred option for the management of benign multinodular goiter (BMNG), and it ought not be associated with recurrent disease. The aim of the present study was to examine the efficacy of total thyroidectomy for BMNG and to review reasons for recurrence.
The study group comprised all patients from January 1980 to December 2005 who underwent a definitive procedure to remove all thyroid tissue for BMNG, and who were subsequently identified as having developed a recurrence. Included were patients who underwent primary total thyroidectomy at our unit, or a two or more stage procedure where a definitive secondary total thyroidectomy was performed at our unit.
There were 3,044 total or secondary total thyroidectomies performed for BMNG during the study period. Ten patients were identified as having developed recurrent BMNG requiring reoperation despite previous complete "total" thyroidectomy. There were 11 sites of recurrence in 10 patients. Only one was a true local recurrence in the thyroid bed. Another 9 recurrences related to the embryology of the thyroid gland, 4 in the pyramidal tract and 5 in the thyrothymic tract. There was one recurrence at another site (submandibular) in a patient with presumed metastatic thyroid cancer despite benign histology. There were no complications in any of the 10 patients.
Total thyroidectomy for BMNG is not only a safe procedure but is efficacious in preventing recurrent disease. Failure to remove embryological remnants such as thyrothymic residue or pyramidal remnants during total thyroidectomy is the major cause of recurrence.
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ABSTRACT: In 2006, a 58-year-old woman presented with thyrotoxicosis. She had undergone left hemithyroidectomy 14 years before for a benign follicular adenoma. Ultrasound imaging demonstrated bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy with enhanced tracer uptake in the left lateral neck on a Technetium-99m uptake scan. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of a left lateral neck node was insufficient for a cytological diagnosis; however, thyroglobulin (Tg) washings were strongly positive. The clinical suspicion was of functionally active metastatic thyroid cancer in cervical lymph nodes. A completion thyroidectomy and bilateral cervical lymph node dissection were performed. Histology demonstrated benign multinodularity in the right hemithyroid, with bilateral reactive lymphadenopathy and 24 benign hyperplastic thyroid nodules in the left lateral neck that were classified as parasitic thyroid nodules. As there had been a clinical suspicion of thyroid cancer, and the hyperplastic/parasitic thyroid tissue in the neck was extensive, the patient was given ablative radioactive iodine (3.7 GBq). After 2 years, a diagnostic radioactive iodine scan was clear and the serum Tg was undetectable. The patient has now been followed for 7 years with no evidence of recurrence. Archived tissue from a left lateral neck thyroid nodule has recently been analysed for BRAF V600E mutation, which was negative.05/2014; 2014:140027. DOI:10.1530/EDM-14-0027
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ABSTRACT: Thyroid gland has three main embryological remnants: pyrami dal lobe, tubercle of Zuckerkandl and thyrothymic remnants. They are commonly missed or misidentified during dissection. Each of these remnants plays a critical role in thyroidectomy as they help to identify the relevant anatomy and therefore help prevent accidental damage to other structures in close proximity during dissection. In this article, we describe the current knowledge of each of these remnants and their significance in thyroidectomy. Conclusion: It is important that all these remnants are objec tively looked for and removed during surgery in order to prevent recurrences.12/2014; 6. DOI:10.5005/jp-journals-10002-1149
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ABSTRACT: Total thyroidectomy is considered the gold standard for thyroid benign pathology treatment. Unfortunately, many partial interventions carried out in the past created many complications due to the tendency of the goiter to relapse and the formation of adherences in the anterior region of the neck. A woman 72 years of age with a relapsing goiter and severe respiratory symptomatology underwent thyroidectomy. After thyroid removal, tracheal stenosis persisted, making the positioning of a T silicon prosthesis (Montgomery’s T-tube) necessary. After 60 days, the prosthesis was replaced with a new made out of the same material but with a larger diameter and a softer consistency, which was removed after 4 months. The patient completely recovered her respiratory function and also maintained normal vocal cord activity without any kind of surgical sequelae. The full success was possible because of the involvement of different specialists.International Journal of Gerontology 09/2012; 6(3):231–233. DOI:10.1016/j.ijge.2011.09.003 · 0.47 Impact Factor