Structure and nuclear import function of the C-terminal domain of influenza virus polymerase PB2 subunit.

European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) Grenoble Outstation, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, BP181, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, France.
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 11.9). 04/2007; 14(3):229-33. DOI: 10.1038/nsmb1212
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The trimeric influenza virus polymerase, comprising subunits PA, PB1 and PB2, is responsible for transcription and replication of the segmented viral RNA genome. Using a novel library-based screening technique called expression of soluble proteins by random incremental truncation (ESPRIT), we identified an independently folded C-terminal domain from PB2 and determined its solution structure by NMR. Using green fluorescent protein fusions, we show that both the domain and the full-length PB2 subunit are efficiently imported into the nucleus dependent on a previously overlooked bipartite nuclear localization sequence (NLS). The crystal structure of the domain complexed with human importin alpha5 shows how the last 20 residues unfold to permit binding to the import factor. The domain contains three surface residues implicated in adaptation from avian to mammalian hosts. One of these tethers the NLS-containing peptide to the core of the domain in the unbound state.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thermal shift methods such as differential scanning fluorimetry and differential static light scattering are widely used to identify stabilizing conditions for proteins that might promote crystallization. Here we report a comparison of the two methods when applied to optimization of buffer conditions for protein-protein complexes. Most of the protein complexes under study were amenable to analysis using these two techniques. Protein complexes behave towards thermal denaturation in a manner similar to single proteins, showing a more or less sharp transition consistent with a two-state model of unfolding. A comparison of the melting and aggregation temperatures for single components and the reconstituted complexes can provide additional evidence for complex formation and can be used to identify buffer conditions in which protein-protein complex formation is favored.
    Journal of Structural Biology 04/2011; 175(2):216-23. · 3.36 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It has been reported that a human chloride intracellular channel (CLIC) protein, CLIC4, translocates to the nucleus in response to cellular stress, facilitated by a putative CLIC4 nuclear localization signal (NLS). The CLIC4 NLS adopts an α-helical structure in the native CLIC4 fold. It is proposed that CLIC4 is transported to the nucleus via the classical nuclear import pathway after binding the import receptor, importin-α. In this study, we have determined the X-ray crystal structure of a truncated form of importin-α lacking the importin-β binding domain, bound to a CLIC4 NLS peptide. The NLS peptide binds to the major binding site in an extended conformation similar to that observed for the classical simian virus 40 large T-antigen NLS. A Tyr residue within the CLIC4 NLS makes surprisingly favourable interactions by forming side-chain hydrogen bonds to the importin-α backbone. This structural evidence supports the hypothesis that CLIC4 translocation to the nucleus is governed by the importin-α nuclear import pathway, provided that CLIC4 can undergo a conformational rearrangement that exposes the NLS in an extended conformation.
    FEBS Journal 03/2011; 278(10):1662-75. · 4.25 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Genetic engineering of constructs to improve solubility or stability is a common approach, but it is often unclear how to obtain improvements. When the domain composition of a target is poorly understood, or if there are insufficient structure data to guide sited directed mutagenesis, long iterative phases of subcloning or mutation and expression often prove unsuccessful despite much effort. Random library approaches can offer a solution to this problem and involve construction of large libraries of construct variants that are analysed via screens or selections for the desired phenotype. Huge improvements in construct behaviour can be achieved rapidly with no requirement for prior knowledge of the target. Here we review the development of these experimental strategies and recent successes.
    Current Opinion in Structural Biology 04/2013; · 8.74 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 2, 2014