Autoantibody against peroxiredoxin I, an antioxidant enzyme, in patients with systemic sclerosis: possible association with oxidative stress.

Department of Dermatology, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, 1-7-1 Sakamoto, Nagasaki, 852-8501, Japan.
Rheumatology (Impact Factor: 4.21). 06/2007; 46(5):790-5. DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/kem010
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To determine the prevalence and clinical correlation of autoantibody to peroxiredoxin (Prx) I, an antioxidant enzyme, in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc).
Serum samples from SSc patients (n = 70) and healthy controls (n = 23) were examined by ELISA using human recombinant Prx I. The presence of anti-Prx I antibody was further evaluated by immunoblotting analysis. To determine the functional relevance of anti-Prx I antibody in vivo, we assessed whether anti-Prx I antibody was able to inhibit Prx I enzymatic activity using yeast thioredoxin reductase system.
IgG anti-Prx I antibody levels in SSc patients were significantly higher than healthy controls and this autoantibody was detected in 33% of SSc patients. The presence of IgG anti-Prx I antibody was associated with longer disease duration, more frequent presence of pulmonary fibrosis, heart involvement, and anti-topoisomerase I antibody and increased levels of serum immunoglobulin and erythrocyte sedimentation rates. IgG anti-Prx I antibody levels also correlated positively with renal vascular damage and negatively with pulmonary function tests. Furthermore, anti-Prx I antibody levels correlated positively with serum levels of 8-isoprostane, a marker of oxidative stress. Immunoblotting analysis confirmed the presence of anti-Prx I antibody. Remarkably, Prx I enzymatic activity was inhibited by IgG isolated from SSc sera containing IgG anti-Prx I antibody.
These results suggest that elevated IgG anti-Prx I autoantibody is associated with the disease severity of SSc and that anti-PrxI antibody may enhance the oxidative stress by inhibiting Prx I enzymatic activity.

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