Autoantibody against peroxiredoxin I, an antioxidant enzyme, in patients with systemic sclerosis: possible association with oxidative stress.
ABSTRACT To determine the prevalence and clinical correlation of autoantibody to peroxiredoxin (Prx) I, an antioxidant enzyme, in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc).
Serum samples from SSc patients (n = 70) and healthy controls (n = 23) were examined by ELISA using human recombinant Prx I. The presence of anti-Prx I antibody was further evaluated by immunoblotting analysis. To determine the functional relevance of anti-Prx I antibody in vivo, we assessed whether anti-Prx I antibody was able to inhibit Prx I enzymatic activity using yeast thioredoxin reductase system.
IgG anti-Prx I antibody levels in SSc patients were significantly higher than healthy controls and this autoantibody was detected in 33% of SSc patients. The presence of IgG anti-Prx I antibody was associated with longer disease duration, more frequent presence of pulmonary fibrosis, heart involvement, and anti-topoisomerase I antibody and increased levels of serum immunoglobulin and erythrocyte sedimentation rates. IgG anti-Prx I antibody levels also correlated positively with renal vascular damage and negatively with pulmonary function tests. Furthermore, anti-Prx I antibody levels correlated positively with serum levels of 8-isoprostane, a marker of oxidative stress. Immunoblotting analysis confirmed the presence of anti-Prx I antibody. Remarkably, Prx I enzymatic activity was inhibited by IgG isolated from SSc sera containing IgG anti-Prx I antibody.
These results suggest that elevated IgG anti-Prx I autoantibody is associated with the disease severity of SSc and that anti-PrxI antibody may enhance the oxidative stress by inhibiting Prx I enzymatic activity.
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ABSTRACT: Scleroderma is a fibrotic condition characterized by immunological abnormalities, vascular injury and increased accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins in the skin. Although the etiology of scleroderma has not yet been fully elucidated, a growing body of evidence suggests that extracellular matrix overproduction by activated fibroblasts results from complex interactions among endothelial cells, lymphocytes, macrophages and fibroblasts via a number of mediators, such as cytokines, chemokines and growth factors. Recent investigations have further suggested that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved and play a role of autoimmunology in scleroderma. In this review, current findings on the autoimmune mechanisms in the pathophysiology of scleroderma are described.Self/Nonself - Immune Recognition and Signaling 01/2011; 2(1):4-10.
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ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is one of the important factors that contribute to tissue damage in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Since the physiological response to oxidative stress is regulated by multiple antioxidant systems, it is important to measure quantitatively the total antioxidant capacity in the biological specimens. To determine the clinical significance of total antioxidant power (TAP) in SSc, we investigated the prevalence and clinical correlation of serum TAP levels in SSc patients. Serum TAP levels were examined in 49 patients with SSc by colorimetric microplate assay. The assay measures the total abilities for reducing Cu++ into Cu+. Clinical evaluation including medical history, physical examination, and laboratory tests were conducted for all SSc patients. Serum TAP levels were significantly elevated in SSc patients compared to normal controls (p < 0.01). When values higher than the mean + 2SD of the control serum samples were considered to be elevated, TAP levels were elevated in 24% of total SSc patients, with 26% of diffuse cutaneous SSc patients and 23% of limited cutaneous SSc patients. Serum TAP levels were correlated positively with C-reacting protein (r = 0.35, p ≤ 0.05). However, no other significant correlation was observed between serum TAP levels and clinical features in SSc patients. These results suggested that oxidative stress is enhanced in SSc patients, and serum TAP levels increase as an indicator of the global response to oxidative stress.Clinical Rheumatology 02/2011; 30(7):921-5. · 2.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract The thioredoxin (Trx) system is one of the central antioxidant systems in mammalian cells, maintaining a reducing environment by catalyzing electron flux from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate through Trx reductase to Trx, which reduces its target proteins using highly conserved thiol groups. While the importance of protecting cells from the detrimental effects of reactive oxygen species is clear, decades of research in this field revealed that there is a network of redox-sensitive proteins forming redox-dependent signaling pathways that are crucial for fundamental cellular processes, including metabolism, proliferation, differentiation, migration, and apoptosis. Trx participates in signaling pathways interacting with different proteins to control their dynamic regulation of structure and function. In this review, we focus on Trx target proteins that are involved in redox-dependent signaling pathways. Specifically, Trx-dependent reductive enzymes that participate in classical redox reactions and redox-sensitive signaling molecules are discussed in greater detail. The latter are extensively discussed, as ongoing research unveils more and more details about the complex signaling networks of Trx-sensitive signaling molecules such as apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1, Trx interacting protein, and phosphatase and tensin homolog, thus highlighting the potential direct and indirect impact of their redox-dependent interaction with Trx. Overall, the findings that are described here illustrate the importance and complexity of Trx-dependent, redox-sensitive signaling in the cell. Our increasing understanding of the components and mechanisms of these signaling pathways could lead to the identification of new potential targets for the treatment of diseases, including cancer and diabetes. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 00, 000-000.Antioxidants & Redox Signaling 05/2012; · 8.20 Impact Factor