Preparation and PCR-amplification properties of a novel amphiphilic poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) copolymer.
ABSTRACT A novel amphiphilic copolymer, P(NVP-co-TrpAMT) (9) was prepared, comprising hydrophilic N-vinylpyrrolidone (NVP; 8) and hydrophobic 'N-[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]tryptophanamido-N'-methacryl thiourea' (TrpAMT; 7) segments. The amphiphilic copolymer 9 was characterized by (1)H-NMR, GPC-MALLS, TEM, and MTT assay. It has a critical micelle concentration (cmc) of 45.7 mg/l in aqueous solution, and good biocompatibility in vivo. According to TEM, the polymer is mostly present as spherical micelles in water, with a diameter of ca. 60-90 nm. In the presence of 0.1 mug/ml of 9, the PCR amplification of the GC-rich beta-actin was efficiently enhanced. Also, the fluorescence intensity of the reporter dye SYBR Green I was increased by 26% at the 14th cycle during real-time PCR of plasmid pUC18 DNA.
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Article: The power of real-time PCR.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In recent years, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has emerged as a robust and widely used methodology for biological investigation because it can detect and quantify very small amounts of specific nucleic acid sequences. As a research tool, a major application of this technology is the rapid and accurate assessment of changes in gene expression as a result of physiology, pathophysiology, or development. This method can be applied to model systems to measure responses to experimental stimuli and to gain insight into potential changes in protein level and function. Thus physiology can be correlated with molecular events to gain a better understanding of biological processes. For clinical molecular diagnostics, real-time PCR can be used to measure viral or bacterial loads or evaluate cancer status. Here, we discuss the basic concepts, chemistries, and instrumentation of real-time PCR and include present applications and future perspectives for this technology in biomedical sciences and in life science education.AJP Advances in Physiology Education 10/2005; 29(3):151-9. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is the most sensitive method for the detection of low-abundance mRNA, often obtained from limited tissue samples. However, it is a complex technique, there are substantial problems associated with its true sensitivity, reproducibility and specificity and, as a quantitative method, it suffers from the problems inherent in PCR. The recent introduction of fluorescence-based kinetic RT-PCR procedures significantly simplifies the process of producing reproducible quantification of mRNAs and promises to overcome these limitations. Nevertheless, their successful application depends on a clear understanding of the practical problems, and careful experimental design, application and validation remain essential for accurate quantitative measurements of transcription. This review discusses the technical aspects involved, contrasts conventional and kinetic RT-PCR methods for quantitating gene expression and compares the different kinetic RT-PCR systems. It illustrates the usefulness of these assays by demonstrating the significantly different levels of transcription between individuals of the housekeeping gene family, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase (GAPDH).Journal of Molecular Endocrinology 11/2000; 25(2):169-93. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has become a fundamental technique in molecular biology. Nonetheless, further improvements of the existing protocols are required to broaden the applicability of PCR for routine diagnostic purposes, to enhance the specificity and the yield of PCRs as well as to reduce the costs for high-throughput applications. One known problem typically reported in PCR experiments is the poor amplification of GC-rich DNA sequences. Here we designed and tested a novel effective and low-cost PCR enhancer, a concentration-dependent combination of betaine, dithiothreitol, and dimethyl sulfoxide that broadly enhanced the quantitative and/or qualitative output of PCRs. Additionally, we showed that the performances of this enhancer mix are comparable to those of commercially available PCR additives and highly effective with different DNA polymerases. Thus, we propose the routine application of this PCR enhancer mix for low- and high-throughput experiments.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/2006; 347(3):747-51. · 2.41 Impact Factor