Do sensorial manipulations affect subjects differently depending on their postural abilities?

Department of Sports Science, Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, Tarbes, France.
British Journal of Sports Medicine (Impact Factor: 5.03). 08/2007; 41(7):435-8. DOI: 10.1136/bjsm.2006.032904
Source: PubMed


To examine whether sensorial manipulation affects subjects differently according to their postural performance and the strategies used. The literature showed that the level of competition of soccer players influences their postural performance and strategy.
Eight high-level (HL) professional soccer players and nine regional-level (RL) soccer players were tested (1) in a reference condition and (2) in a manipulated sensorial condition (MAN). The MAN condition consisted of perturbing the proprioceptive and exteroceptive information. For each postural condition, balance was assessed by measuring the centre of foot pressure using a force platform during a test of bipedal standing posture.
The postural control was less perturbed in the HL than in the RL players in the two postural conditions. Moreover, the group-condition interaction showed that the postural control was less disturbed in the HL than in the RL players when the sensory information was manipulated.
The HL soccer players probably possessed a better internal model of verticality than the RL players. Subjects who had a better postural control level were less disturbed by sensorial manipulation than the others in postural regulation.

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    • "Altering the sensations in the plantar sole of the foot could be one way to observe the contributions towards balance control. A reduction of plantar sensation can be induced by cooling [2] [3] [14] [17] [18] [20] [22]. This can lead to various modifications in balance control. "
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    • ". This analysis characterizes the postural strategy used by the participants. The low and medium frequencies are mostly related to the visual and vestibular/somatosensory contribution to posture control, respectively, and the higher frequency band is mostly related to proprioceptive participation [19] [21]. "
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May 29, 2014