Educational continuity in clinical clerkships.
- SourceAvailable from: Lucie Walters[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Interest in longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs) as an alternative to traditional block rotations is growing worldwide. Leaders in medical education and those who seek physician workforce development believe that "educational continuity" affords benefits to medical students and benefits for under-resourced settings. The model has been recognized as effective for advancing student learning of science and clinical practice, enhancing the development of students' professional role, and supporting workforce goals such as retaining students for primary care and rural and remote practice. Education leaders have created multiple models of LICs to address these and other educational and health system imperatives. This article compares three successful longitudinal integrated clinical education programs with attention to the case for change, the principles that underpin the educational design, the structure of the models, and outcome data from these educational redesign efforts. By translating principles of the learning sciences into educational redesign efforts, LICs address the call to improve medical student learning and potential and advance the systems in which they will work as doctors.Medical Teacher 07/2012; 34(7):548-54. DOI:10.3109/0142159X.2012.696745 · 2.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Self-determination Theory (SDT), designed by Edward Deci and Richard Ryan, serves among the current major motivational theories in psychology. SDT research has been conducted in many areas, among which are education and health care, but its applications in medical education are rare. The potential of SDT to help understand processes in medical education justifies this Guide. SDT is explained in seven principles, one of which is the distinction of three innate psychological needs of human beings: for competence, for autonomy and for relatedness. Further, SDT elaborates how humans tend to internalise regulation of behaviour that initially has been external, in order to develop autonomous, self-determined behaviour. Implications of SDT for medical education are discussed with reference to preparation and selection, curriculum structure, classroom teaching, assessments and examinations, self-directed learning, clinical teaching, students as teachers and researchers, continuing professional development, faculty development and stress among trainees.Medical Teacher 12/2011; 33(12):961-73. DOI:10.3109/0142159X.2011.595435 · 2.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To ensure adequate observation, supervision, and mentoring of trainees, long-term preceptorships or apprenticeships are being reestablished in medical education. Equivalence in academic performance has been demonstrated between longitudinal students in the Rural Physician Associate Program (RPAP), who spend 9 months in a rural community during their third year of medical school, and their peers who complete their clerkships at different hospitals and clinics (traditional). We qualitatively reviewed the end of session Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) for both groups and compared their performances. The high and low performers on four OSCE scenarios (cough, dysuria in a teen, preventive care in an older male, medication reconciliation) for two cohorts of students: longitudinal (n=47) and traditional primary care clerkship students (n=60) were selected for review. These 16 videotapes were reviewed independently by three researchers. The themes and subthemes were discussed over four meetings. Both high and low scoring longitudinal students demonstrated more consistent use of rapport building skills. Longitudinal students appeared to have an effective pattern in their patient interactions and were more rehearsed at explaining preventive care recommendations such as the pros and cons of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. Traditional students displayed a more complete mastery of the adolescent interview and followed a mnemonic taught during lecture. Qualitative assessment of OSCE data reveals information not captured in the quantitative scores. In this study, longitudinal students demonstrated better mastery of rapport building and content knowledge and had an effective routine to their patient encounters not evident in the traditional students' scenarios.Family medicine 42(10):707-11. · 0.85 Impact Factor