Effects of high-dose atorvastatin in patients >= 65 years of age with acute coronary syndrome (from the Myocardial Ischemia Reduction with Aggressive Cholesterol Lowering [MIRACL] study)
ABSTRACT After acute coronary syndromes (ACSs), older patients are particularly susceptible to early complications, including death and recurrent ACS. Lipid management guidelines do not differentiate elderly from younger patients, and lack of evidence for statin benefits in older patients has led to underutilization of statins in the elderly. The MIRACL study randomized 3,086 patients to 16 weeks of 80 mg/day of atorvastatin or placebo 24 to 96 hours after ACS and demonstrated significant decreases in the combined primary end point (nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest, recurrent symptomatic myocardial ischemia). This post hoc analysis compared benefits of 80 mg of atorvastatin in older (> or =65 years) versus younger (<65 years) patients. Event rates were approximately two- to threefold higher in older than in younger patients. Treatment-by-age heterogeneity testing indicated no difference in treatment effect by age for any of the primary or secondary end points, and relative risk decreases in the primary end point with atorvastatin versus placebo were similar in younger and older patients (22% vs 14%, respectively). The safety profile of atorvastatin was similar between the 2 age groups. In conclusion, these results and a greater immediate cardiovascular risk in older patients argue for early, intensive atorvastatin therapy as routine practice after ACS.
SourceAvailable from: Valeria E. Rac
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ABSTRACT: National guidelines recommend use of high-intensity statins after hospitalization for coronary heart disease (CHD) events. This study sought to estimate the proportion of Medicare beneficiaries filling prescriptions for high-intensity statins after hospital discharge for a CHD event and to analyze whether statin intensity before hospitalization is associated with statin intensity after discharge. We conducted a retrospective cohort study using a 5% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries between 65 and 74 years old. Beneficiaries were included in the analysis if they filled a statin prescription after a CHD event (myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization) in 2007, 2008, or 2009. High-intensity statins included atorvastatin 40 to 80 mg, rosuvastatin 20 to 40 mg, and simvastatin 80 mg. Among 8,762 Medicare beneficiaries filling a statin prescription after a CHD event, 27% of first post-discharge fills were for a high-intensity statin. The percent filling a high-intensity statin post-discharge was 23.1%, 9.4%, and 80.7%, for beneficiaries not taking statins pre-hospitalization, taking low/moderate-intensity statins, and taking high-intensity statins before their CHD event, respectively. Compared with beneficiaries not on statin therapy pre-hospitalization, multivariable adjusted risk ratios for filling a high-intensity statin were 4.01 (3.58-4.49) and 0.45 (0.40-0.52) for participants taking high-intensity and low/moderate-intensity statins before their CHD event, respectively. Only 11.5% of beneficiaries whose first post-discharge statin fill was for a low/moderate-intensity statin filled a high-intensity statin within 365 days of discharge. The majority of Medicare beneficiaries do not fill high-intensity statins after hospitalization for CHD. Copyright © 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.Journal of the American College of Cardiology 01/2015; 65(3):270-7. DOI:10.1016/j.jacc.2014.09.088 · 15.34 Impact Factor
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