Colonic ganglioneuromatosis in a horse

Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-4467, USA.
Veterinary Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.04). 04/2007; 44(2):207-10. DOI: 10.1354/vp.44-2-207
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Ganglioneuromas are complex tumors that arise in peripheral ganglia and are composed of well-differentiated neurons, nerve processes, Schwann cells, and enteric glial cells. The term ganglioneuromatosis (GN) denotes a regional or segmental proliferation of ganglioneuromatous tissue. This report describes an 8-year-old mixed breed horse with GN in a 25-cm segment of small colon. Grossly, the lesion consisted of numerous sessile to pedunculated nodules extending from the serosal surface. Histologic examination revealed the nodules to consist of fascicles of spindle-shaped cells consistent with Schwann cells, clusters of neurons, supporting enteric glial cells, and thick bands of perineurial collagen. Most of the nodules coincided with the location of the myenteric plexus and extended through the outer layer of the tunica muscularis to the serosal surface. Neuronal processes were demonstrated within the lesion with electron microscopy. With immunohistochemistry neurons were positive for neuron specific enolase (NSE) and S-100 and the Schwann cells and enteric glial cells were positive for S-100 and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). The pathogenesis of GN is poorly understood. GN, although rare, should be included in the differential diagnosis of gastrointestinal tumors in the horse.

  • 02/2011; 23(2). DOI:10.1111/j.2042-3292.2010.00162.x
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A diagnosis of transmural ileal ganglioneuromatosis was made in a 15-day-old goat that was found dead following a period of diarrhoea and inappetence. Grossly, the entire length of the wall of the ileum was pale and firm with a variably segmental to transmural thickening. Microscopically, the ileal transmural thickening was due to a diffuse proliferation of both ganglionic and glial cells forming cell nests or packets that infiltrated the wall and into the mesentery surrounding a mesenteric lymph node. The neoplastic ganglionic cells were immunoreactive for S100, synaptophysin and triple neurofilament, while the glial spindle cells were immunoreactive with glial fibrillary acidic protein, S100 and laminin confirming their Schwann cell identity. Nerve fibres expressing neurofilament protein 200 and phosphorylated neurofilament (SMI-31) were observed rarely. Ganglioneuromatosis is defined as diffuse exuberant proliferation of all components of the intestinal ganglionic plexuses. In man, the transmural form has more grave clinical consequences than a focal pattern and is commonly associated with germline mutations in the RET proto-oncogene. Whether there is any comparable molecular genetic abnormality in animals remains unknown; however, ganglioneuromatosis needs to be included in the differential diagnosis of tumours of the autonomic enteric nervous system.
    Journal of Comparative Pathology 06/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jcpa.2014.04.012 · 1.10 Impact Factor
  • Australian Veterinary Journal 01/2011; 89(1‐2). DOI:10.1111/j.1751-0813.2010.00654.x · 1.02 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Dec 20, 2014