Article

Colonic ganglioneuromatosis in a horse

Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-4467, USA.
Veterinary Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.04). 04/2007; 44(2):207-10. DOI: 10.1354/vp.44-2-207
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Ganglioneuromas are complex tumors that arise in peripheral ganglia and are composed of well-differentiated neurons, nerve processes, Schwann cells, and enteric glial cells. The term ganglioneuromatosis (GN) denotes a regional or segmental proliferation of ganglioneuromatous tissue. This report describes an 8-year-old mixed breed horse with GN in a 25-cm segment of small colon. Grossly, the lesion consisted of numerous sessile to pedunculated nodules extending from the serosal surface. Histologic examination revealed the nodules to consist of fascicles of spindle-shaped cells consistent with Schwann cells, clusters of neurons, supporting enteric glial cells, and thick bands of perineurial collagen. Most of the nodules coincided with the location of the myenteric plexus and extended through the outer layer of the tunica muscularis to the serosal surface. Neuronal processes were demonstrated within the lesion with electron microscopy. With immunohistochemistry neurons were positive for neuron specific enolase (NSE) and S-100 and the Schwann cells and enteric glial cells were positive for S-100 and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). The pathogenesis of GN is poorly understood. GN, although rare, should be included in the differential diagnosis of gastrointestinal tumors in the horse.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Harold Ross Payne, Dec 20, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
86 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In a carcinogenicity study, a neuronal tumor in the cranial cavity was observed in a 110-week-old female B6C3F1 mouse. At necropsy, the tumor was seen at the site of the pituitary gland. Histologically, the tumor consisted of well-differentiated ganglion cells, nerve fiber/neuropil-like elements and ganglion-like cells. The tumor was composed mainly of ganglion-like cells, which were arranged in solid sheets interspersed with thin fibrovascular stroma. Nissl substance was detected at the margin in the cytoplasm of well-differentiated ganglion cells, and nerve fibers were identified by the Kluever-Barrera method. Immunohistochemically, the well-differentiated ganglion cells were positive for S-100, neurofilament protein (NF), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), synaptophysin, and chromogranin A. The nerve fiber/neuropil-like elements were positive for S-100, NF, NSE, and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and the ganglion-like cells were strongly positive only for NSE and synaptophysin. On the other hand, there were no pituitary cells, such as prolactin-positive or adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-positive cells in the tumor tissue. Detailed histopathological examination suggested that the tumor might be a ganglioneuroma arising from the trigeminal ganglion. This report provides additional histopathological evidence of peripheral nerve neoplasms in mice.
    Toxicologic Pathology 02/2009; 37(3):343-7. DOI:10.1177/0192623309333786 · 1.92 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 6-week-old Staffordshire Bull Terrier cross was presented with a 4-week history of vomiting and small bowel diarrhoea. Abdominal ultrasound showed thickening of the distal jejunum and ileum. The dog underwent two exploratory laparotomies, during which grossly abnormal sections of intestine were resected. The patient developed septic peritonitis 48 h after the second surgery, caused by dehiscence of an intestinal anastomosis, and was euthanased. All intestinal tissue samples were examined histopathologically and a diagnosis of gastrointestinal ganglioneuromatosis was made. Intestinal ganglioneuromatosis is rare and this case represents a novel occurrence in the small intestine of a dog.
    Australian Veterinary Journal 01/2011; 89(1-2):15-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1751-0813.2010.00663.x · 1.02 Impact Factor
  • Australian Veterinary Journal 01/2011; 89(1‐2). DOI:10.1111/j.1751-0813.2010.00654.x · 1.02 Impact Factor