Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the breast.
ABSTRACT Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the breast is a very rare type of neoplasm with a very distinct histology, immunohistochemistry as well as prognostic characteristics. Two cases of this type of breast carcinoma are presented. Both tumors were microscopically composed of intermediate, epidermoid and glandular cells. The first case was a high grade tumor with focal necroses, where epidermoid and mucinous cells were found only as isolated elements. The second case was of low grade, the squamous cells showed keratinization and glandular cells formed distinct small lumina. The prognostic characteristics, differential diagnosis, grading system and immunohistochemical profile of these rare neoplasms are described.
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ABSTRACT: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is the most common malignant salivary gland tumour. However, short series or individual case reports have identified this tumour in the maxilla, mandible, breast tissue and thymus. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma originates from minor salivary glands, and it is therefore surprising that it is not more commonly seen in the tonsil. To date, we believe there has been only one previously reported case in the world literature of mucoepidermoid carcinoma occurring in the tonsil 1. We present a very rare case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma arising from within the structure of the palatine tonsil, rather from the adjacent pharyngeal wall, together with a short review of the literature.Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica: organo ufficiale della Società italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale 08/2013; 33(4):286-8. · 1.44 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Malignant salivary gland tumors (MSGTs) account for 2-6% of all head and neck cancers. Despite the rarity, MSGTs have been of great interest due to a wide variety of pathological features and high metastasis rates resulting in poor prognosis. Surgical resection followed by radiation therapy represents the main treatment of this malignancy. Adjuvant therapy is reserved for the management of local recurrence, no longer amenable to additional local therapy, and for metastasis. Based on the studies from other types of tumors, particularly breast cancer, the expression and function of sex steroid hormone receptors in cancer have been extensively studied and applied to diagnosis and treatment. Although a number of studies in MSGTs have been published, the rationale for hormone therapy is still controversial due to the disparate results and insufficient number of cases. However, some recent reports have demonstrated that certain salivary gland neoplasms are similar to breast cancer, not only in terms of the pathological features, but also at the molecular level. Here, we shed light on the biological similarity between MSGTs and certain types of breast cancer, and describe the potential use of hormone and additional therapies for MSGTs.International Journal of Otolaryngology 11/2011; 2011:187623. DOI:10.1155/2011/187623
Sex Steroids, 01/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-307-857-1