Human agonistic antibody to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand receptor 2 induces cytotoxicity and apoptosis in prostate cancer and bladder cancer cells.
ABSTRACT Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induces apoptosis in a variety of tumor cells through two of its receptors: TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2. In this study, we investigated the susceptibility of human prostate cancer and bladder cancer cells to HGS-ETR2, a human monoclonal agonistic antibody specific for TRAIL-R2.
The cell surface expression of TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2 on prostate cancer and bladder cancer cells was determined using flow cytometry. Cytotoxicity was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, and caspase activities were measured by a quantitative colorimetric assay.
HGS-ETR2 effectively induced apoptotic cell death in DU145, PC3, and LNCaP human prostate cancer cells and J82 and T24 human bladder cancer cells. The increased effectiveness of HGS-ETR2 for inducing cell death might have been affected by differences in the cell surface expression of the two TRAIL receptors, in that TRAIL-R2, but not TRAIL-R1, was frequently expressed in the prostate cancer and bladder cancer cells. HGS-ETR2 significantly activated the caspase cascade, including caspase-3, -6, -8, and -9, which were the downstream molecules of the death receptors in prostate cancer cells. Caspase-3, -6, and -9 were also significantly activated with HGS-ETR2-induced apoptosis in the bladder cancer cells.
These findings suggest the potential utility of TRAIL-R2 antibody as a novel therapeutic agent against prostate cancer and bladder cancer.
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ABSTRACT: Because tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) preferentially induces apoptosis in tumor cells and plays a critical role in tumor surveillance, its receptor is an attractive target for antibody-mediated tumor therapy. Here we report that a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against the mouse TRAIL receptor, DR5, exhibited potent antitumor effects against TRAIL-sensitive tumor cells in vivo by recruiting Fc receptor-expressing innate immune cells, with no apparent systemic toxicity. Administration of the agonistic anti-DR5 mAb also significantly inhibited experimental and spontaneous tumor metastases. Notably, the anti-DR5 mAb-mediated tumor rejection by innate immune cells efficiently evoked tumor-specific T cell immunity that could also eradicate TRAIL-resistant variants. These results suggested that the antibody-based therapy targeting DR5 is an efficient strategy not only to eliminate TRAIL-sensitive tumor cells, but also to induce tumor-specific T cell memory that affords a long-term protection from tumor recurrence.Journal of Experimental Medicine 03/2004; 199(4):437-48. · 13.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: TRAIL is a tumor necrosis factor-related ligand that induces apoptosis upon binding to its death domain-containing receptors, DR4 and DR5. Two additional TRAIL receptors, TRID/DcR1 and DcR2, lack functional death domains and function as decoy receptors for TRAIL. We have identified a fifth TRAIL receptor, namely osteoprotegerin (OPG), a secreted tumor necrosis factor receptor homologue that inhibits osteoclastogenesis and increases bone density in vivo. OPG-Fc binds TRAIL with an affinity of 3.0 nM, which is slightly weaker than the interaction of TRID-Fc or DR5-Fc with TRAIL. OPG inhibits TRAIL-induced apoptosis of Jurkat cells. Conversely, TRAIL blocks the anti-osteoclastogenic activity of OPG. These data suggest potential cross-regulatory mechanisms by OPG and TRAIL.Journal of Biological Chemistry 07/1998; 273(23):14363-7. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A fourth member of the emerging TRAIL receptor family, TRAIL-R4, has been cloned and characterized. TRAIL-R4 encodes a 386-amino acid protein with an extracellular domain showing 58%-70% identity to those of TRAIL-R1, TRAIL-R2, and TRAIL-R3. The signaling capacity of TRAIL-R4 is similar to that of TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2 with respect to NF-kappaB activation, but differs in its inability to induce apoptosis. Yet TRAIL-R4 retains a C-terminal element containing one third of a consensus death domain motif. Transient overexpression of TRAIL-R4 in cells normally sensitive to TRAIL-mediated killing confers complete protection, suggesting that one function of TRAIL-R4 may be inhibition of TRAIL cytotoxicity. Like TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2, this receptor shows widespread tissue expression. The human TRAIL-R4 gene has been mapped to chromosome 8p22-21, clustered with three other TRAIL receptors.Immunity 01/1998; 7(6):813-20. · 19.80 Impact Factor