Complementary alternative medicine use among Asian Americans is widespread, yet poorly understood. This study explored its use among Chinese Americans reporting mental health symptoms.
A cross-sectional survey determined the prevalence and correlates of complementary alternative medicine use in an urban sample seen at a community mental health service.
Out of 153 Chinese-American patients, 126 (82%) reported current use of complementary therapies (megavitamin therapy, 46%; herbal medicine, 43%; massage, acupuncture, and spiritual healing, about 25% each). Compared with nonusers, users were older, female, employed, less well functioning physically, and less acculturated.
Growing immigrant populations and increasing mental health services consumption by members of ethnic-racial groups in the United States call for more attention to complementary alternative medicine use and its potential to aid conventional medical and mental services delivery.
"In the most recent survey, which involved 23,393 adults and 9,417 children, nearly 40% of adults and 11.8% of children had used a CAM therapy in the previous 12 months; use of acupuncture, massage therapy, and naturopathy were found to be increasing in use from a comparable earlier report.(1) Characterization of CAM use by specific regional populations,(3–5) for disease states,(6–9) or to describe its acceptance among medical practitioners(10,11) also supports the popularity of CAM therapies. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Belief in efficacy of CAM therapies has been sparsely reported and may be different than reported use of the therapy.
The aim of this study was to identify efficacy beliefs of massage for muscle recovery following a 10-km running race.
Finish zone of a 10-km race.
Participants completed a brief survey regarding running race characteristics, prior use of massage, and belief in efficacy of massage regarding muscle recovery from the race.
The subject pool consisted of 745 individuals who completed a running race and were within 60 minutes of race completion.
Subjects reported demographic information (age, gender), race information (finish time, perceived exertion, muscle soreness, fatigue), prior use of massage, and belief regarding efficacy of massage for postrace muscle recovery.
Most study participants believed that massage would benefit muscle recovery following the running race (80.0%), even though only 43.9% had received a massage previously. Those who had received at least one massage were significantly more likely to believe that massage would benefit muscle recovery (91.9% vs. 70.4%, p < .001). Females were more likely than males to have had a massage (52.3% vs. 36.0%, p < .001) and to believe it would benefit recovery (83.1% vs. 77.1%, p = .046).
Massage is well-accepted as a muscle recovery aid following a running race, but females and those who have used massage were significantly more likely to perceive it as advantageous. Belief in a therapeutic value of massage for muscle recovery exceeds its reported use.
International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork Research Education & Practice 06/2013; 6(2):3-8. DOI:10.3822/ijtmb.v6i2.165
"Este fue el caso de Mercedes quien enfrentó la tristeza y ansiedad, preparándose los tés recomendados por su abuela, " Ella me decía que cuando no conciliáramos el sueño o así, nos tomáramos el té de azahares y ya de antaño pues ya sabemos que si tenemos nervios o algo, ya nos daban el té, el té de azahares… para estar un poco más tranquilos y ya " . Otros participantes las utilizaron porque se encontraban insatisfechos con la deshumanización y tecnificación de la medicina occidental; también porque pensaban que estos recursos curativos eran inocuos y al usarlos evitaban la medicación; esto confirma las aseveraciones planteadas en otros estudios (Barnes et al., 2008; Furnham, 2007). Por ejemplo, la meditación y las Flores de Bach, según algunos entrevistados, tienen un efecto sobre el alma y las emociones e influyen positivamente sobre las relaciones interpersonales. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Se presenta un análisis del uso de las medicinas alternativas para la atención de problemas emocionales. La información se obtuvo de 36 entrevistas de investigación social realizadas en la Ciudad de México, se analizó mediante la categorización de significados, y bajo un modelo propuesto por Bishop et al. (2008). Las prácticas y recursos fueron utilizadas como tratamiento complementario, alternativo o convencional, también como experiencias placenteras y procedimientos de transformación personal. Con los tres primeros tipos de uso se atendieron padecimientos específicos; como "experiencias placenteras", se buscó obtener bienestar psicológico; y con la última modalidad, se obtuvo orientación para intervenir adecuadamente en alguna situación problemática. La categorización de Bishop et al. (2008) resultó útil para integrar prácticas que aún cuando son ampliamente usadas y cuentan con legitimidad social, se ignoran en el campo de la salud. Con estas prácticas se pretende ampliar el repertorio de recursos de cuidado y satisfacer necesidades que los servicios formales no cubren.
Saude e Sociedade 06/2013; 22(2):530-541. DOI:10.1590/S0104-12902013000200022 · 0.10 Impact Factor
"It was also noted that the symptoms addressed were mainly psychiatric with natural products and nonpsychiatric symptoms with processed products. Fang and Shinke  found that 94% of Chinese American individuals with mental illness (50% with depressive disorders, 28% with anxiety disorders, 10% with psychotic disorders, 7% with bipolar disorders, and 5% with adjustment disorders) had used CAM, and 82% of these were currently using CAM to treat medical and mental health problems. The most commonly used CAM therapies were megavitamin therapy (46%), Chinese herbal medicine (43%), massage therapy (26%), acupuncture (25%), and spiritual healing (24%). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction: Psychiatric/psychosocial rehabilitation (PSR) aims to facilitate the recovery of people with serious mental illness (SMI), and consists of enhancing and maintaining adaptive skills and supports of people with SMI so that they can be satisfied and successful in their environments of choice. The objective of our paper is to review PSR in relation to various health care environments, specifically in relation to mental, substance use-related, physical (medical and dental), and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) health care environments. The primary questions we pose for this review are: 1. What are PSR and related practices regarding these health care environments? 2. What are PSR outcomes regarding these health care environments? 3. What are predictors of these outcomes?
Method: Data collection consisted of a systematic review of PSR in relation to these health care environments. Data analysis consisted of a narrative review (a meta-analysis was not conducted due to the wide diversity of PSR practices and outcome measures found).
Results: PSR is effective in relation to mental health care environments and is promising in relation to substance userelated and physical (medical and dental) health care environments. There is no rigorous study of PSR in relation to CAM health care environments.
Conclusion: PSR in relation to health care environments is helpful for people with SMI. Further research on PSR in general, and in relation to CAM health care environments in particular, is needed.
Current Psychiatry Reviews 06/2013; 9(3):214-259. DOI:10.2174/1573400511309030007
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