Peripheral vascular disease: comparison of continuous MR angiography and conventional MR angiography--pilot study.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to prospectively assess the accuracy of three-dimensional magnetic resonance (MR) angiography for evaluation of stenosis in the peripheral arterial system with a continuous moving table technique, with conventional MR angiography as reference. This study was approved by the local institutional review board; informed consent was obtained. Five healthy male volunteers (mean age, 27 years; range, 24-35 years) and four men and one woman (mean age, 63 years; range, 46-78 years) with peripheral arterial occlusive disease were examined. Images obtained with both techniques showed excellent concordance (Cohen kappa = 0.75). Images obtained with a conventional protocol had higher quality compared with those obtained with the continuous technique (mean, 1.07 +/- 0.25 [standard deviation] vs 1.58 +/- 0.6; P < .05); small vessels appeared sharper on them. For detection of significant stenosis and occlusion, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the continuous technique were 92.8%, 100%, and 89.2%, respectively.
- SourceAvailable from: sciencedirect.comJournal of Vascular Surgery 02/2000; 31(1 Pt 1):1-8. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Sensitivity encoding (SENSE) was used to improve the performance of three-dimensional contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (3D CE-MRA). Utilizing an array of receiver coils for sensitivity encoding, the encoding efficiency of gradient-echo imaging was increased by factors of up to three. The feasibility of the approach was demonstrated for imaging of the abdominal vasculature. On the one hand, using a SENSE reduction factor of two, the spatial resolution of a breath-hold scan of 17 seconds was improved to 1.0 x 2.0 x 2.0 mm(3). On the other hand, using threefold reduction, time-resolved 3D CE-MRA was performed with a true temporal resolution of 4 seconds, at a spatial resolution of 1.6 x 2.1 x 4.0 mm(3). CE-MRA with SENSE was performed in healthy volunteers and patients and compared with a standard protocol. Throughout, diagnostic quality images were obtained, showing the ability of sensitivity encoding to enhance spatial and/or temporal resolution considerably in clinical angiographic examinations.Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 12/2000; 12(5):671-7. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this paper we introduce a phased-array coil dedicated for MRA of peripheral arteries which covers the upper and lower legs. The structure of this coil includes a solid cabinet with four flexible wings forming a "T." The flexibility of the wings allows adaptation to the individual leg size. There are eight circularly polarized channels, four on each side. This coil is compatible with other surface coils. For MRA of peripheral arteries, it is combined with the body phased-array coil and the spine array coil which cover the lower abdomen and the pelvis. We examined six patients using this coil combination. The image quality, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of these examinations were compared with that of peripheral MRA examinations obtained with the body resonator. Image quality with the array coil was considerably improved in comparison with the body resonator examinations. The SNR and CNR increased approximately 100%. The handling of this coil was very quick and simple, similar to the procedure with other surface coils. The use of dedicated phased-array coils for peripheral MRA may be an important step toward the establishment of MR digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as a non-invasive alternative to intra-arterial DSA in the visualization of peripheral arteries. Its potential has to be evaluated in future studies.European Radiology 02/2000; 10(11):1745-9. · 3.55 Impact Factor