Risk of rupture of unruptured intracranial aneurysms in relation to patient and aneurysm characteristics - An updated meta-analysis
ABSTRACT We updated our previous review from 1996 on the risk of rupture of unruptured intracranial aneurysms, aiming to include the newly published articles.
We reviewed all studies from our former meta-analysis and performed a Medline search for new studies published after 1996. We calculated overall risks of rupture for studies with a mean follow-up time of <5, 5 to 10, and >10 years. Relative risks (RR) were calculated by comparing the risk of rupture in patients with and without potential risk factors. We aimed to perform multivariable analyses of the different risk factors with meta-regression analysis.
We included 19 studies (10 new) with 4705 patients and 6556 unruptured aneurysms (follow-up 26 122 patient-years). The overall rupture risks were 1.2% (follow-up <5 years), 0.6% (follow-up 5 to 10 years), and 1.3% (follow-up >10 years). In the univariable analysis, statistically significant risk factors for rupture were age >60 years (RR 2.0; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 3.7), female gender (RR 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1 to 2.4), Japanese or Finnish descent (RR 3.4; 95% CI, 2.6 to 4.4), size >5 mm (RR 2.3; 95% CI, 1.0 to 5.2), posterior circulation aneurysm (RR 2.5; 95% CI, 1.6 to 4.1), and symptomatic aneurysm (RR 4.4; 95% CI, 2.8 to 6.8). Meta-regression analysis yielded implausible results.
Age, gender, population, size, site, and type of aneurysm should be considered in the decision whether to treat an unruptured aneurysm. Pooled multivariable analyses of individual data are needed to identify independent risk factors and to provide more reliable risk estimates for individual patients.
- SourceAvailable from: Richard J Harvey[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The endoscopic transnasal approach to the anterior communicating artery (ACoA) complex is not widely performed. This cadaveric study investigated the surgical relevance of the anterior endoscopic approach to the treatment of ACoA aneurysms. Bi-nasal endoscopic transtubercular surgery was carried out on fresh adult cadavers. Primary outcomes measures incorporated dimensions of the endonasal corridor (operative field depth, lateral limits, size of the transplanum craniotomy and dural opening); vascular exposure (proximal and distal anterior cerebral arteries [ACA], ACoA, clinoidal internal carotid artery [ICA] segment); and operative manoeuvrability defined by clip placements (ipsilateral and contralateral). Eight cadaver heads were used (mean age 84±7years, range 76-94years, 75% female). Mean operative depth was 97±4mm. The lateral corridors were limited proximally by the alar rim openings (31±2mm), and distally by the optic nerves (22±6mm). The endonasal craniotomy dimensions were 21±5mm anteroposteriorly, and 22±4mm laterally. Vascular exposure was achieved in 100% of subjects for the ACoA segment and the ACA segments proximal to the ACoA (A1). The ACA segments distal to the ACoA (A2) were accessible only in 40% of subjects. Endonasal clip placement across the ACoA segment, clinoidal ICA, A1 and A2 were 100%, 90%, 90%, and 30%, respectively. The ventral endoscopic endonasal approach to the ACoA complex provides excellent vascular visualisation without brain retraction or gyrus rectus resection. However, the limitation in access to the A2 for temporary clip placement may prove to be a significant limitation of this approach.Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 10/2013; 21(5). DOI:10.1016/j.jocn.2013.07.034 · 1.32 Impact Factor
- IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 10/2012; 18(12):2178-2187. DOI:10.1109/TVCG.2012.202 · 1.92 Impact Factor
- Aneurysm, free online edition edited by Yasuo Murai, 08/2012: chapter Giant Intracranial Aneurysms – Surgical Treatment, Accessory Techniques and Outcome.: pages 351-382; InTech, Janeza Trdine 9, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia., ISBN: 978-953-51-0730-9